Part of the Salem Science collection, this new addresses one of the fastest-growing subjects in academic curricula—the forensic sciences, which are also known as criminalistics. Over the past decade, there has been an explosion of both public and academic interest in the application of scientific techniques to investigations of crime. Television audiences have developed a seemingly insatiable appetite for shows such as CSI: Crime Scene Investigation and Cold Case that go into the minutiae of how forensic techniques are used to solve crimes. The emphasis in such shows tends to be on crimes of violence, particularly murder. However, although forensic sciences do indeed play a major role in homicide investigations, they are also applied to a multitude of other kinds of investigations, ranging from simple accidents and arson to war crimes and writing instrument analysis—all subjects studied in academic courses on forensic science and criminal justice.
This fully updated version of the original 1989 edition of the World Encyclopedia of Police Forces and Correctional Systems describes the national law enforcement and correctional systems of more than 195 countries across the globe.
Guide to the scientific processes and the legal, social and ethical issues involved in the forensic sciences.