Today in History with a Twist: August 2, 2013
Get Ready to be Counted!
For the first time the United States is going to find out how many Americans there are by conducting the country's first census (1790). The information will be update every ten years. Many, including President Washington believe that the population will be undercounted, I'm sure this problem will get worked out as we become more experienced in conducting the census.
After you are done filling out the forms treat yourself to an ice cream sandwich. It’s National Ice Cream Sandwich Day! On the beach or in an ice cream shop, these sweet sandwiches are always delicious. Ice cream sandwiches come in many varieties. In their traditional form, vanilla ice cream is tucked between two thin layers that resemble chocolate cake. Other versions include chipwiches - ice cream between two chocolate chip cookies. Variations of this delight can also be found in different countries. In Australia, the most popular sandwiches are called “Giant Sandwiches," while "Maxibons" are half-dipped in chocolate. However, the most exotic ice cream sandwiches might be found in Singapore. Here, red bean, yam, and honeydew are all popular flavors.
They probably could have used some ice cream sandwiches in southern Italy where Hannibal's Carthaginian army defeated a numerically superior Roman army under command of consuls Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Gaius Terentius Varro (216 BC). Fought on the plains outside of the Roman village of Cannae, the largest battle to date in this second major war between the Mediterranean powers has left the Roman government in disarray. Drastic measures are being taken to rebuild the Legions before Hannibal can deal the death blow to the Republic. Every General from this date forward will dream of so skillfully winning such a battle.
Another decisive battle was fought today (1377) this one in Russia where a Russian army has been defeated by a small force from the Blue Horde, descendants of Genghis Khan and his Mongol Army. Early in the day the Russians learned that Blue Horde was moving in their direction. The Russian commander, Ivan Dmitriyevich, ordered his army to deploy. As the Russians waited the day grew hot and the waiting Russian warriors got thirsty and started to break ranks to look for something to drink. Fortunately/Unfortunately for the Russians the majority of the drinks that the Russians found were alcoholic. By the time the Blue Horde finally showed up in the mid afternoon the Russians were falling down drunk. The much smaller, but sober, Blue Horde easily dispatched the Russians turning the battle into a massacre. They have named the nearby river Pyana which translated means 'drunken' to memorialize the battle. Why didn't they just go down to the river to get a drink?.
In Germany, after a series of elections where a true leader could not get elected, Adolf Hitler has finally emerged as the Fuhrer (1934). In a move to eliminate the deep political divisions in the country the Nazi government has initiated a series of programs to bring uniformity to the country. Collectively the movement is known as Gleichschaltung ("coordination", "making the same", "bringing into line"). Remember to report any of your neighbors who aren't coordinating properly.
In the Gulf of Tonkin on the coast of the divided country of Vietnam, a country that many in the Pentagon haven't even heard of, North Vietnamese gunboats have allegedly fired on the U.S. destroyers USS Maddox and USS Turner Joy. Make sure those Radars are properly calibrated.
In the Middle East, Iraq has invaded Kuwait (1990). Iraq has made several attempts in the past to annex Kuwait under the claim that it had been part of Iraq but had been forcibly taken away by the British in the early 1900's. The previous attempts were stopped by the British. This time the world is looking to the United States to settle the dispute. Make no mistake about it, this is all about oil!
Today we celebrate the birthdays of:
1872 - George E. Stewart - Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1946) Award citation: While crossing a river in face of the enemy, this officer plunged in and at the imminent risk of his own life saved from drowning an enlisted man of his regiment. - Maybe not the most stirring of citations but he's still a hero.
1900 Holling C. Holling - Author and illustrator (d. 1973) - his birth name was Holling Allison Clancy. I can see why he changed it.
The following are books that are in the Libraries collection that relate to the above topics: