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Today in History with a Twist: August 2, 2013

Get Ready to be Counted!

     For the first time the United States is going to find out how many Americans there are by conducting the country's first census (1790).  The information will be update every ten years. Many, including President Washington believe that the population will be undercounted, I'm sure this problem will get worked out as we become more experienced in conducting the census.

     After you are done filling out the forms treat yourself to an ice cream sandwich.  It’s National Ice Cream Sandwich Day!  On the beach or in an ice cream shop, these sweet sandwiches are always delicious.  Ice cream sandwiches come in many varieties.  In their traditional form, vanilla ice cream is tucked between two thin layers that resemble chocolate cake.  Other versions include chipwiches - ice cream between two chocolate chip cookies.  Variations of this delight can also be found in different countries.  In Australia, the most popular sandwiches are called “Giant Sandwiches," while "Maxibons" are half-dipped in chocolate.  However, the most exotic ice cream sandwiches might be found in Singapore.  Here, red bean, yam, and honeydew are all popular flavors.  

     They probably could have used some ice cream sandwiches in southern Italy where Hannibal's Carthaginian army defeated a numerically superior Roman army under command of consuls Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Gaius Terentius Varro (216 BC).  Fought on the plains outside of the Roman village of Cannae, the largest battle to date in this second major war between the Mediterranean powers has left the Roman government in disarray.  Drastic measures are being taken to rebuild the Legions before Hannibal can deal the death blow to the Republic.  Every General from this date forward will dream of so skillfully winning such a battle.

     Another decisive battle was fought today (1377) this one in Russia where a Russian army has been defeated by a small force from the Blue Horde, descendants of Genghis Khan and his Mongol Army.  Early in the day the Russians learned that Blue Horde was moving in their direction.  The Russian commander, Ivan Dmitriyevich, ordered his army to deploy.  As the Russians waited the day grew hot and the waiting Russian warriors got thirsty and started to break ranks to look for something to drink.  Fortunately/Unfortunately for the Russians the majority of the drinks that the Russians found were alcoholic.  By the time the Blue Horde finally showed up in the mid afternoon the Russians were falling down drunk.  The much smaller, but sober, Blue Horde easily dispatched the Russians turning the battle into a massacre.  They have named the nearby river Pyana which translated means 'drunken' to memorialize the battle.  Why didn't they just go down to the river to get a drink?.

     In Germany, after a series of elections where a true leader could not get elected, Adolf Hitler has finally emerged as the Fuhrer (1934).  In a move to eliminate the deep political divisions in the country the Nazi government has initiated a series of programs to bring uniformity to the country.  Collectively the movement is known as Gleichschaltung ("coordination", "making the same", "bringing into line").  Remember to report any of your neighbors who aren't coordinating properly.

     In the Gulf of Tonkin on the coast of the divided country of Vietnam, a country that many in the Pentagon haven't even heard of, North Vietnamese gunboats have allegedly fired on the U.S. destroyers USS Maddox and USS Turner Joy.  Make sure those Radars are properly calibrated.

     In the Middle East, Iraq has invaded Kuwait (1990).  Iraq has made several attempts in the past to annex Kuwait under the claim that it had been part of Iraq but had been forcibly taken away by the British in the early 1900's.  The previous attempts were stopped by the British.  This time the world is looking to the United States to settle the dispute.  Make no mistake about it, this is all about oil!

Today we celebrate the birthdays of:

     1872 - George E. Stewart - Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1946)  Award citation: While crossing a river in face of the enemy, this officer plunged in and at the imminent risk of his own life saved from drowning an enlisted man of his regiment. - Maybe not the most stirring of citations but he's still a hero.

     1900 Holling C. Holling - Author and illustrator (d. 1973) - his birth name was Holling Allison Clancy. I can see why he changed it.

The following are books that are in the Libraries collection that relate to the above topics:

 


Amazon Says: In this work I explain what the census records are, what information they contain, and how to use them. I outline each year of the Federal Census (1790-1930) and explain them more...
Amazon Says: In this work I explain what the census records are, what information they contain, and how to use them. I outline each year of the Federal Census (1790-1930) and explain them in detail. This book is designed to help the census novices and intermediate researchers come to grips with this valuable genealogical tool. Experts may also find this book useful. Including: * Detailed explanation of each census 1790-1930 with examples. * Detailed explanation for every column of data on each census, including Mortality and Slave schedules. * Charts to help calculate the approximate birth dates of persons listed on each census. * Race and Ethnicity on the census. (White, Black, Mulatto, Free Colored, etc.) * Using the census records for Slave Research (1790-1860.) * Common census errors. less...
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Amazon Says: Perfect for bakers and dessert lovers everywhere, ice cream sandwiches are delicious and fun to make. Although there are plenty of cookbooks about baking cookies and making ic more...
Amazon Says: Perfect for bakers and dessert lovers everywhere, ice cream sandwiches are delicious and fun to make. Although there are plenty of cookbooks about baking cookies and making ice cream, never before has there been a book that combines the two—until now! This tasty little cookbook includes more than 50 winning combinations like Strawberry Cheesecake, Red Velvet, Boston Cream Pie, and of course, Cookies and Cream. Also included are more than 200 for mixing and matching the cookies and ice cream for a new creation every time, information on assembling, equipment, and decorating, and delicious full-color photos throughout. less...
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Amazon Says: A stirring account of the most influential battle in history   For millennia, Carthage’s triumph over Rome at Cannae in 216 B.C. has inspired reverence and awe. It was the more...
Amazon Says: A stirring account of the most influential battle in history   For millennia, Carthage’s triumph over Rome at Cannae in 216 B.C. has inspired reverence and awe. It was the battle that countless armies tried to imitate, most notably in World Wars I and II, the battle that obsessed legendary military minds. Yet no general ever matched Hannibal’s most unexpected, innovative, and brutal military victory—the costliest day of combat for any army in history. Robert L. O’Connell, one of the most admired names in military history, now tells the whole story of Cannae for the first time, giving us a stirring account of this apocalyptic battle of the Second Punic War, and its causes and consequences. O’Connell shows how a restive Rome amassed a giant army to punish Carthage’s masterful commander, who had dealt them deadly blows at Trebia and Lake Trasimene, and how Hannibal outwitted enemies that outnumbered him. O’Connell describes Hannibal’s strategy of blinding his opponents with sun and dust, enveloping them in a deadly embrace and sealing their escape, before launching a massive knife fight that would kill 48,000 men in close contact. The Ghosts of Cannae then brilliantly conveys how this disastrous pivot point in Rome’s history ultimately led to the republic’s resurgence and the creation of its empire. Piecing together decayed shreds of ancient reportage, the author paints powerful portraits of the leading players: Hannibal, resolutely sane and uncannily strategic; Varro, Rome’s co-consul who was so scapegoated for the loss; and Scipio Africanus, the surviving (and self-promoting) Roman military tribune who would one day pay back Hannibal at Zama in North Africa. Finally, O’Connell reveals how Cannae’s legend has inspired and haunted military leaders ever since, and the lessons it teaches for our own wars. Superbly researched and written with wit and erudition, The Ghosts of Cannae is the definitive account of a battle whose history continues to resonate. less...
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The History of Russia by Charles E. Ziegler
Amazon Says: This engagingly written short history of Russia provides readers with a clear understanding of Russia's long and complex history through the events of 1998. It is the most up- more...
Amazon Says: This engagingly written short history of Russia provides readers with a clear understanding of Russia's long and complex history through the events of 1998. It is the most up-to-date history available. From its beginnings, through the centuries-long reign of the tsars, the Communist revolution, the years under Stalin, the ascent of Gorbachev and the collapse of Communism, and the economic morass in which Russia finds itself today, this account will help the reader to put the tumultuous history that is Russia into perspective. Ziegler, an expert on Russia, discusses not only the political and economic aspects of each period but its social and cultural milieu as well. Ready-reference materials include a timeline of events in the history of Russia, short biographical notes on key players, and a bibliographic essay.An introductory chapter describes the geographical and demographic features of Russia. The history of Russia begins in Kiev and moves to Moscow under the centuries-long reign of the tsars, who built a great empire. Following unrest in the last half of the nineteenth century, the Russian Revolution of 1917 ushered in the communist state, which lasted until its collapse in 1991. Ziegler provides a readable and accessible analysis of each period of Russian history—through the Yeltsin era—which will help students and interested readers to understand the long and complex history of this fascinating and troubled country. less...
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Amazon Says: Erik Larson has been widely acclaimed as a master of narrative non-fiction, and in his new book, the bestselling author of Devil in the White City turns his hand to a remarka more...
Amazon Says: Erik Larson has been widely acclaimed as a master of narrative non-fiction, and in his new book, the bestselling author of Devil in the White City turns his hand to a remarkable story set during Hitler’s rise to power.   The time is 1933, the place, Berlin, when William E. Dodd becomes America’s first ambassador to Hitler’s Germany in a year that proved to be a turning point in history.   A mild-mannered professor from Chicago, Dodd brings along his wife, son, and flamboyant daughter, Martha. At first Martha is entranced by the parties and pomp, and the handsome young men of the Third Reich with their infectious enthusiasm for restoring Germany to a position of world prominence. Enamored of the “New Germany,” she has one affair after another, including with the suprisingly honorable first chief of the Gestapo, Rudolf Diels. But as evidence of Jewish persecution mounts, confirmed by chilling first-person testimony, her father telegraphs his concerns to a largely indifferent State Department back home. Dodd watches with alarm as Jews are attacked, the press is censored, and drafts of frightening new laws begin to circulate. As that first year unfolds and the shadows deepen, the Dodds experience days full of excitement, intrigue, romance--and ultimately, horror, when a climactic spasm of violence and murder reveals Hitler’s true character and ruthless ambition.   Suffused with the tense atmosphere of the period, and with unforgettable portraits of the bizarre Göring and the expectedly charming--yet wholly sinister--Goebbels, In the Garden of Beasts lends a stunning, eyewitness perspective on events as they unfold in real time, revealing an era of surprising nuance and complexity. The result is a dazzling, addictively readable work that speaks volumes about why the world did not recognize the grave threat posed by Hitler until Berlin, and Europe, were awash in blood and terror. “Larson is a marvelous writer...superb at creating characters with a few short strokes.”—New York Times Book Review    less...
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Amazon Says: Retracing the confused and inconsistent pattern of planning for escalation of the Vietnam War, Edwin Moïse carefully reconstructs the events of the night of August 4, 1964, w more...
Amazon Says: Retracing the confused and inconsistent pattern of planning for escalation of the Vietnam War, Edwin Moïse carefully reconstructs the events of the night of August 4, 1964, when the U.S. Navy destroyers Maddox and Turner Joy reported that they were under attack by North Vietnamese torpedo boats in the Gulf of Tonkin. The next day, President Lyndon Johnson ordered the first U.S. air strikes against North Vietnam, and on August 7, Congress passed the Tonkin Gulf Resolution, which gave the president authority to take 'all necessary steps' to combat further North Vietnamese aggression.Many people, including some men who were on the destroyers that night, believe that what appeared on radar screens as torpedo boats were actually false images generated by weather conditions, flocks of birds, or American planes overhead. Using recently declassified records and interviews with participants, Moïse conclusively demonstrates that there was no North Vietnamese attack. But the original report was not a lie concocted to provide an excuse for escalation; it was a genuine mistake. less...
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Amazon Says: Explains how Saddam Hussein rose from the Baath party to become leader of the most powerful state in the Arab world and how the international community reacted to a global thr more...
Amazon Says: Explains how Saddam Hussein rose from the Baath party to become leader of the most powerful state in the Arab world and how the international community reacted to a global threat it had not foreseen. This book draws on first-hand interviews with Saddam Hussein and reveals how the Iraqi leader had long nurtured superpower aspirations and how he dreamt of using a vast army, equipped with nuclear weapons, to dominate the region and threaten the outside world. The authors also describe how, under the banner of Arab nationalism, Saddam ruthlessly repressed his own people and bullied weaker neighbours to fufil his ambition of a new Iraqi empire with himself at the head. less...
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Amazon Says: Organized chronologically by war, conflict, or campaign, and then alphabetically by recipient within his/her conflict, this reference lists the names of 3,399 Medal of Honor r more...
Amazon Says: Organized chronologically by war, conflict, or campaign, and then alphabetically by recipient within his/her conflict, this reference lists the names of 3,399 Medal of Honor recipients, along with their ranks and organizations, their places and dates of birth, the date each entered the service, and less...
Amazon


Pagoo by Holling C. Holling
Amazon Says: An intricate study of tide pool life is presented in text and pictures through the story of Pagoo, a her-mit crab. more...
Amazon Says: An intricate study of tide pool life is presented in text and pictures through the story of Pagoo, a her-mit crab. less...
Amazon

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