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Today in History with a Twist: August 28, 2013

I Have a Dream!

     About a quarter million people marched on Washington today (1963) in the 'March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom'.  The rally is one of the largest political rallies for human rights in United States history and called for civil and economic rights for African Americans.  The highlight of the rally was the speech given by the last speaker, the Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr.  The speech calling for the end of racism and judging people on their merits and not the color of their skin is being called the I Have a Dream speech.  Too bad so many people have missed the message.

      It’s National Cherry Turnover Day!  Turnovers are a delicious pastry that can be enjoyed for breakfast or dessert.  They originated in ancient times and are classified as "portable pies."  Other dishes in this culinary family include pasties, empanadas, and spring rolls.  A traditional cherry turnover recipe calls for puff pastry, which is stuffed with a gooey cherry filling and then baked until golden brown.  There are many variations on this classic treat though.  Some recipes call for cream cheese, extra lemon juice, or even ice cream. (Punchbowl.com)

     There was a speech of a different ilk on the floor of the Senate (1957) where U.S. Senator Strom Thurmond has begun a filibuster to prevent the Senate from voting on Civil Rights Act of 1957. (he stopped speaking 24 hours and 18 minutes later, the longest filibuster ever conducted by a single Senator).  A record to be proud of?

     Sad and disgusting news from Mississippi (1955) where Black teenager Emmett Till has been brutally murdered for flirting with a white girl.  The silver lining in this horrendous act is that it is galvanizing the nascent American Civil Rights Movement.  Shouldn't have required such a sacrifice.

     The biggest news at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago (1968) is happening outside of the convention center.  Anti-war protestors, led by the 'Students for a Democratic Society, are clashing with the police.  Most observers agree though that it appears that it was the police who instigated the rioting.  History does seem to be repeating itself, can you say Haymarket Square?

     The Union Army has suffered another set back being beaten for a second time on the fields near the Virginia town of Manassas (1862).  Maybe they should try somewhere else.  The divide is so wide that the two sides can not even agree on the name of the battle;  The North wants to call it the Second Battle of Bull Run, in the South it is known as the Battle of Second Manassas.  Maybe we'll settle this one day.....nah!

     Needing a mid-ocean coaling station for the Navy the United States has taken possession of the, at this point unoccupied, Midway Atoll (1867). (It is the only island of the Hawaiian chain not included in the state.)  Doubt we'll ever here much more about this speck in the ocean.

      Another sign of the collapse of the Soviet Union (1991).  Mikhail Gorbachev has resigned as General Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party.  Didn't want to stay on a sinking ship.

     News from the world of science (1789) where William Herschel has discovered a new moon of Saturn.  It has been named Enceladus.  Guess this one got lucky in not becoming a ring.

Today we celebrate the birthdays of:

1749 - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - German writer, scientist, poet, novelist, playwright, atural philosopher, diplomat, and civil servant (d. 1832). - Couldn't he make up his mind about what he wanted to do with his life? (No picture available)

1928 - F. William Free - Advertising executive (d. 2003) - He is best remembered for the controversial 1971 advertising slogan for National Airlines, "I'm Cheryl – Fly Me." Sex sells. Must be rough being a businessman with a name like Free!

 

To find out more about the above topics check out the following books from our collection:


Amazon Says: A riveting account of the origins and legacy of "I Have a Dream" Forty years ago, Martin Luther King, Jr. electrified the nation when he delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech more...
Amazon Says: A riveting account of the origins and legacy of "I Have a Dream" Forty years ago, Martin Luther King, Jr. electrified the nation when he delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. King's prophetic utterances started the long overdue process of changing America's idea of itself. His words would enter the American lexicon, galvanizing the civil rights movement, becoming a touchstone for all that the country might someday achieve. The Dream is the first book about Martin Luther King, Jr.'s legendary "I Have a Dream" speech. Opening with an enthralling account of the August day in 1963 that saw 250,000 Americans converge at the March on Washington, The Dream delves into the fascinating and little-known history of King's speech. Hansen explores King's compositional strategies and techniques, and proceeds to a brilliant analysis of the "I Have a Dream" speech itself, examining it on various levels: as a political treatise, a work of poetry, and as a masterfully delivered and improvised sermon bursting with biblical language and imagery. In tracing the legacy of "I Have a Dream" since 1963, The Dream insightfully considers how King's incomparable speech "has slowly remade the American imagination," and led us closer to King's visionary goal of a redeemed America. less...
Amazon

Desserts by Better Homes and Gardens
Amazon Says: This volume of dessert recipes has been collected from the best community cookbooks across America. BH&G's tested each recipe in its test kitchens to assure the success of eac more...
Amazon Says: This volume of dessert recipes has been collected from the best community cookbooks across America. BH&G's tested each recipe in its test kitchens to assure the success of each recipe. Each recipe has a beautiful photograph of the finished dessert and some photos of the process. Recipes: That Chocolate Thing, Black Forest Cake, Texas Sheet Cake, Chocolate Devil's Food Cake, Mom's Chocolate Roll, Mississippi Mud, Blitz Torte, Hazelnut Torte, Fresh Orange Cake (Proposal Cake). Cheesecake Squares, White Layer Cake with Sour Cream Filling, Chocolate Cheesecake, Pumpkin Walnut Cheesecake, Chocolate Chip Pound Cake, Sweet Potato Pound Cake, Carrot Walnut Cake, Pumpkin Cake, Applesauce Cake, Gingerbread Cake, Hummingbird Cake, Pineapple Upside Down Cake, Old Fashioned Strawberry Shortcake, Cream Puffs, Frozen Rainbow Dessert, Chocolate Chess Pie, Party Chocolate Pie, Peanut Butter Pie, Georgia's Pecan Pie, Lemon Lucious Pie, Fudge Sundae Pie, Banana Split Pie, Peach Melba Pie, Fruit Tart, For the Glory Pie, Grammy's Rhubarb Cream Pie, Fresh Blueberry Pie, Deep Dish Pumpkin Pie, Apple Brown Betty, Anne Byrd's Strawberry Cobbler, Apple Dessert Pancake, Ronnie's Mom's Apple Dumplings, Lemon Cups, Jul Grot (Swedish Rice Pudding), Traditional Bread Pudding, Ultimate Hunka Chocolate Cookies, Peanut Butter Chocolate Chip Cookies, Chocolate-Molasses Lace Cookies, Whoopie Pies, Acorn Cookies, Von Trapp Rum Pennies, Thumbprint Cookies, Ricotta Cookies, Elephant Ears, Soft Ginger Cookies, Brown Sugars, Oat and Banana Cookies, Snoball Cookies, Neopolitan Cookies, Ruby Date Bars, Butter Pecan Turtle Cookies, Double Fudge Chocolate Chip Brownies, Grasshopper Bars, Fudge Meltaways, Chocolate Almond Bark, Helen's Fudge. Some of the extraordinary cooks include: Ursula Spector, Mrs. Hans Eckhardt, Tobie Frank, Denny Buckalew, Emilie de Brigard, Ardietta McClellan, Arlene Goldstein, Pat Kinney Flanagan, Elaine D. Holcomb, Holly Melius, Shelby Fuqua Mark, Donnie Huckaby. less...
Amazon

Strom by Jack Bass
Amazon Says: The definitive biography of the legendary conservative Senator from South Carolina, with new revelations about his lifeand career. In Strom, Jack Bass and Marilyn W. Thompson more...
Amazon Says: The definitive biography of the legendary conservative Senator from South Carolina, with new revelations about his lifeand career. In Strom, Jack Bass and Marilyn W. Thompson deliver a remarkable look at the life of a remarkable-and complicated-politician. First elected to public office in 1929, Strom Thurmond was a pivotal figure in the nation's politics for more than seven decades particularly when it came to issues of race: the Dixiecrat presidential candidate in 1948, originator of the 1956 "Southern Manifesto" against the Brown vs. Board of Education ruling, holder of the record for a Senate filibuster for his opposition to the 1957 Civil Rights Bill. Yet as a young man Thurmond had secretly fathered a daughter with the family's black maid, and quietly supported her through college and beyond. An intense public examination of Thurmond's legacy began when he left the Senate at age 100, continued when he passed away soon after and only grew when Essie Mae Washington-Williams announced in December 2003 that she was the senator's long-rumored black daughter. Bass and Thompson know Strom better than anyone. They both covered him for years and broke the big stories. In Strom, they tell us a great deal about power and politics in our nation and race's twisted roots in the 20th century South. less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: The kidnapping and murder of Emmett Till is famous as a catalyst for the Civil Rights Movement. Emmett Till, a fourteen-year-old Black teenager from Chicago, was visiting fami more...
Amazon Says: The kidnapping and murder of Emmett Till is famous as a catalyst for the Civil Rights Movement. Emmett Till, a fourteen-year-old Black teenager from Chicago, was visiting family in a small town in Mississippi during the summer of 1955. Likely showing off to friends, Emmett allegedly whistled at a white woman. Three days later his brutally beaten body was found floating in the Tallahatchie River. The extreme violence of the crime put a national spotlight on the Jim Crow ways of the South, and many Americans-Black and white-were further outraged at the speedy trial of the white murderers.  Although the two white men were tried and acquitted by an all-white jury, they later bragged publicly about the crime. It was a galvanizing moment for Black leaders and ordinary citizens, including such activists as Rosa Parks.  In clear, vivid detail Chris Crowe investigates the before-and-aftermath of the crime, as well as the dramatic court trial, and places it into the context of the nascent Civil Rights Movement. With lively narrative and abundantly illustrated with forty fascinating contemporaneous photographs, this impressive work of nonfiction brings fresh insight to the case in a manner that will be accessible and eye-opening for teenagers and adults alike.   less...
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Amazon Says: Did the police lose control of themselves in dealing with demonstrators during the 1968 Democratic National Convention? Or were they simply men who saw themselves as protectin more...
Amazon Says: Did the police lose control of themselves in dealing with demonstrators during the 1968 Democratic National Convention? Or were they simply men who saw themselves as protecting their city from the forces of revolution? Kusch contends that Chicago's police were more than unthinking thugs, that they had, in effect, become a counterculture, even more so than the people they ended up attacking. From Polish and Irish working class backgrounds, these men felt they represented a time gone by, a different way of life. The world they found themselves in during August of 1968 was an almost alien environment. Analyzing interviews of men who were on the streets and examining in-depth their actions and the reasons behind them, Kusch challenges traditional thinking on this pivotal event.As television cameras rolled, and flash bulbs popped, young middle-class college kids were attacked by Chicago's finest. For four days, police chased, bludgeoned, and kicked, not only the protesters, but innocent onlookers and dozens of media representatives. Going beyond stereotypes and addressing what went on behind the cameras, Kusch challenges the assumptions that the police rioted and that the violence was limited to a handful of individuals. These officers are revealed as real men, with families, lives, and fears. It was these fears—as much as their hatred of the antiwar movement and the people in it—that led to the violent showdown. This work tackles a turbulent period when presentation was key for all the major players: the protesters, the media, and the police themselves. less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: A comprehensive examination of the Second Manassas Campaign chronicles Lee's army, describing Stonewall Jackson, James Longstreet, and others. 15,000 first printing. more...
Amazon Says: A comprehensive examination of the Second Manassas Campaign chronicles Lee's army, describing Stonewall Jackson, James Longstreet, and others. 15,000 first printing. less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: The American victory in the Battle of Midway was a turning point in the war in the Pacific, and affected the course of the entire Second World War. This text tells the tale of more...
Amazon Says: The American victory in the Battle of Midway was a turning point in the war in the Pacific, and affected the course of the entire Second World War. This text tells the tale of the battle. less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: Traces the decline and collapse of the Soviet Union, from Stalin's death in 1953, drawing on once secret Soviet archives and interviews with key figures--including Sakharov, more...
Amazon Says: Traces the decline and collapse of the Soviet Union, from Stalin's death in 1953, drawing on once secret Soviet archives and interviews with key figures--including Sakharov, Gorbachev, and Yeltsin--to provide a definitive account of forty years of Russian history. First serial, US News and World Report. less...
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Solar System Voyage by Serge Brunier
Amazon Says: In the last few decades, the exploration of our solar system has revealed fascinating details about the worlds that lie beyond our Earth. This lavishly illustrated book invite more...
Amazon Says: In the last few decades, the exploration of our solar system has revealed fascinating details about the worlds that lie beyond our Earth. This lavishly illustrated book invites the reader on a journey through the solar system. After locating our planetary system in the Universe, Brunier describes the Sun and its planets, the large satellites, asteroids, and comets. Photographs and information taken from the latest space missions allow readers to experience spectacular scenes: the lunar plains scarred by asteroid impacts, the frozen deserts of Mars and Europa, the continuously erupting volcanoes of Io and the giant geysers of Triton, the rings of Saturn and the clouds of Venus and Titan, and the powerful crash of the comet Shoemaker-Levy into Jupiter. Inspired by the extraordinary photographs and incisive text, readers of Solar System Voyage will gain a greater appreciation of the hospitable planet we call home. Serge Brunier is chief editor of the journal Ciel et Espace, a photojournalist, and the author of many nonfiction books aimed at both specialists and the general public. His previous books include Space Odyssey (Cambridge, 2002), Glorious Eclipses with Jean-Pierre Luminet (Cambridge, 2000), and Majestic Universe (Cambridge, 1999). less...
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Amazon Says: The 100 Most Influential Writers of All Time (The Britannica Guide to the World's Most Influential People) more...
Amazon Says: The 100 Most Influential Writers of All Time (The Britannica Guide to the World's Most Influential People) less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: Very few books deal with the unconscious mind—the right side of the brain—and how advertising affects and directs it. This one does exactly that. Psychologist Maddock and more...
Amazon Says: Very few books deal with the unconscious mind—the right side of the brain—and how advertising affects and directs it. This one does exactly that. Psychologist Maddock and his co-author Fulton give the readers a clear understanding of how the mind works, based on up-to-date research, and a new way to understand human motivation and behavior. Drawing unqiuely from medicine, clinical psychology, and the practice of marketing, they combine insights and principles that will provide advertisers with almost a blueprint for executing creative strategies and developing marketing plans with a better chance of success. In so doing the authors make clear that marketing to the mind is a diagnostic technique, a way to quickly and inexpensively analyze consumer resistance. With concepts, theories, and research clearly laid out, the authors show how the technique can be applied to a variety of products and services. A practical and engrossing book for the advertising and marketing community, and for teachers, consultants, and students too.Maddock and Fulton introduce a third dimension to marketing and a completely new marketing theory based totally upon unconscious motivation. Most marketing theory deals with conscious, rational motivators while the unconscious motivators are overlooked or ignored. Marketers often complain that they cannot get beyond consumers' rationalizations. The authors correct this by looking at the right side of the brain—the side of the brain that, according to latest empirical research, has been shown to be heavily involved in the mediation of emotion. Marketing to the Mind introduces a new hierarchy of consumer motives, then shows how they tie into product benefits, how they cause consumers to act, and then how marketers can address them. They validate their approach to the unconscious by offering a unique right brain market research technique, and show how it is applied to various consumer activities, such as casinos, food service, cosmetics, fashions, health care—and even to the question: Why do people still visit Elvis and Graceland? (That chapter alone will provide marketers with unusually useful information). Clearly written, authoritative, and simply fascinating reading, Marketing to the Mind will prove to be of special value to all those involved in the creation, development, and selling of goods and services. less...
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