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Today in History with a Twist: August 7, 2013

Insurrection!

 

     President Washington has invoked the Militia Acts of 1792 to suppress an uprising in western Pennsylvania over taxes being levied on whiskey (1794).  In what is being called the Whiskey Rebellion, President Washington is personally leading several thousand militia members into the western territories to enforce the collection of the excise taxes being levied on the sale of alcoholic beverages that farmers have been distilling from their excess grain and selling to supplement their income.  The farmers are complaining that since they don't have representatives in congress they are once again being 'taxed without representation'.  The division throughout the country over this issue is leading to the formation of political parties.  Why didn't we listen to Jefferson?

     Things are better on the coast where today is National Lighthouse Day!  On this day in 1789, the United States Congress approved an Act “for the establishment and support of lighthouses, beacons, buoys, and public piers.”  This piece of legislation commissioned the first Federal lighthouse, which was constructed at the entrance of Chesapeake Bay.  Two hundred years later, Congress designated August 7th as National Lighthouse Day to commemorate this important moment in history and to celebrate these beautiful structures.  For centuries, lighthouses have served as beacons of light, guiding ships safely to harbor through storms, fog, or dark of night. (Punchbowl.com)

     General Washington has ordered the creation of the Badge of Military Merit to honor soldiers wounded in battle (1782). (It is later renamed to the more poetic Purple Heart.).  To paraphrase Napoleon, it is amazing what a man will do for a little strip of cloth.

     America is bouncing back.  After America receiving several early blows, the Marines have initiated the first American offensive of the war with landings on Guadalcanal and Tulagi in the Solomon Islands (1942).  Island hopping, sounds more like a dance than a military strategy.

     From south of the equator we have received word that Simón Bolívar has led his forces to victory over Spain in the Battle of Boyacá (1819).  The victory virtually seals Colombian independence from Spain.  That's Colombia not Columbia (I've made that spelling mistake before).

     Maybe the ancients did do it!  Thor Heyerdahl's balsa wood raft the Kon-Tiki, today (1947) smashed into the reef at Raroia in the Tuamotu Islands after a 101-day, 7,000 kilometers (4,300 mi) journey across the Pacific Ocean in an attempt to prove that pre-historic peoples could have traveled from South America.  But he CRASHED!

     In an unlikely coupling, the motorcycle gang the Hells Angels were the guests of Ken Kesey's Merry Pranksters (Hippies) at a party at Kesey's estate in La Honda, California.  The hippies introduced psychedelics to the gang world and forever linked the hippie movement to the Hell's Angels.  That's kind of like the Fonzie - Ritchie friendship.

Today we celebrate the birthdays of: 

     1742 - Nathanael Greene - Revolutionary War General (d. 1786) - Private to General during the war, sometimes being good at your job does pay off.

     1876 - Mata Hari - Dutch spy (d. 1917) - We men are so easily manipulated!

     1933 - Jerry Pournelle - Author and journalist - A couple of degrees in Psychology and a Doctorate in Political Science and he ends up a Sci-Fi writers, shows you what those degrees are worth.

     1942 - Garrison Keillor - Writer and radio host - He does have a voice for radio.

     1960 - David Duchovny - Actor - I believe.

The following are books in the Library's collection that relate to the above topics:


Amazon Says: A gripping and provocative tale of violence, alcohol, and taxes, The Whiskey Rebellion pits President George Washington and Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton agains more...
Amazon Says: A gripping and provocative tale of violence, alcohol, and taxes, The Whiskey Rebellion pits President George Washington and Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton against angry, armed settlers across the Appalachians. Unearthing a pungent segment of early American history long ignored by historians, William Hogeland brings to startling life the rebellion that decisively contributed to the establishment of federal authority. In 1791, at the frontier headwaters of the Ohio River, gangs with blackened faces began to attack federal officials, beating and torturing the collectors who plagued them with the first federal tax ever laid on an American product -- whiskey. In only a few years, those attacks snowballed into an organized regional movement dedicated to resisting the fledgling government's power and threatening secession, even civil war. With an unsparing look at both Hamilton and Washington -- and at lesser-known, equally determined frontier leaders such as Herman Husband and Hugh Henry Brackenridge -- journalist and popular historian William Hogeland offers an insightful, fast-paced account of the remarkable characters who perpetrated this forgotten revolution, and those who suppressed it. To Hamilton, the whiskey tax was key to industrial growth and could not be permitted to fail. To hard-bitten people in what was then the wild West, the tax paralyzed their economies while swelling the coffers of greedy creditors and industrialists. To President Washington, the settlers' resistance catalyzed the first-ever deployment of a huge federal army, led by the president himself, a military strike to suppress citizens who threatened American sovereignty. Daring, finely crafted, by turns funny and darkly poignant, The Whiskey Rebellion promises a surprising trip for readers unfamiliar with this primal national drama -- whose climax is not the issue of mere taxation but the very meaning and purpose of the American Revolution. With three original maps by Jack Ryan. less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: Whether they were abandoned long ago or still stand as beacons in the fog, hundreds of lighthouses decorate the beautiful shores of North America. But only a few invite people more...
Amazon Says: Whether they were abandoned long ago or still stand as beacons in the fog, hundreds of lighthouses decorate the beautiful shores of North America. But only a few invite people to stay the night. Staying at a Lighthouse visits these unique overnight havens, offering a personal tour of the most sought-after landmarks in the country. A few of them operate as grand bed-and-breakfast inns. Others provide a more rustic experience, offering guests a retreat from the hustle and bustle of their daily lives. Still others allow visitors to assume the role of lighthouse keeper for a short time. But they all provide an experience that is romantic, renewing, and above all, memorable. Readers can step back in time at these and many other coastal towers: *Heceta Head Lighthouse, Oregon *East Brother Light Station, California *Sand Hills Lighthouse Inn, Michigan *Rose Island Lighthouse, Rhode Island *Saugerties Lighthouse, New York *Race Point Lighthouse, Massachusetts *Monomoy Point Lighthouse, Massachusetts *The Keeper's House Inn, Maine Information provided in each profile includes history of the lighthouse and the area, background of the present-day keepers, and a description of the accommodations and the guest experience, plus all pertinent practical details-address, phone number, e-mail address, directions, seasons of operation, rates, and more. Beautiful color and archival photographs of the featured lighthouse inns enhance this terrific little guide. less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: As she did so provocatively with military spouses in Army Wives, Tanya Biank gives us the inside story of women in today’s military—the professional and personal chall more...
Amazon Says: As she did so provocatively with military spouses in Army Wives, Tanya Biank gives us the inside story of women in today’s military—the professional and personal challenges that confront female soldiers from the combat zone to the home front... Since 9/11, more than 240,000 women soldiers have fought in Iraq and Afghanistan—more than 140 have died there, and they currently make up fourteen percent of the total active-duty forces. Despite advances, today’s servicewomen are constantly pressed to prove themselves, to overcome challenges men never face, and to put the military mission ahead of all other aspects of their lives, particularly marriage and motherhood. In this groundbreaking, insider’s look at the women defending our nation, Tanya Biank brings to light the real issues—of femininity, belonging to an old boys’ club, veiled discrimination, dating, marriage problems, separation from children, questions about life goals, career trajectories, and self-worth—that servicewomen are facing by focusing on four individual stories. Brigadier General Angela Salinas, the Marine Corps’ first Hispanic female general, faces the challenge of commanding an all-male institution. Second Lieutenant Bergan Flanagan finds herself on the frontlines in Afghanistan, serving in the same military police company as her husband. As a marine drill instructor, Sergeant Amy Stokley demands the very best from the recruits at Parris Island. And Major Candice O’Brien deals with deployment to Afghanistan, with two young children and a strained marriage back home. Undaunted is the story of these courageous trailblazers—their struggles, sacrifices, and triumphs in the name of serving the country they love. less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: THE SOLOMONS CAMPAIGNS is the second volume in William L. McGee s acclaimed Pacific war trilogy, AMPHIBIOUS OPERATIONS IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC IN WORLD WAR II. From the Back more...
Amazon Says: THE SOLOMONS CAMPAIGNS is the second volume in William L. McGee s acclaimed Pacific war trilogy, AMPHIBIOUS OPERATIONS IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC IN WORLD WAR II. From the Back Cover The U.S. halted the Japanese advance at Midway and the Coral Sea. But in the Solomons, the U.S. not only stopped them, they began pushing them back! All the Solomons Campaigns from Guadalcanal to Bougainville are described in this book. The author also continues to follow the new landing craft crews featured in Volume I, THE AMPHIBIANS ARE COMING!,  as they move up the Slot with each new campaign. Part I, THE SOUTHERN SOLOMONS CAMPAIGNS covers the bloody six-month struggle for Guadalcanal. The relationship between ground fighting, naval warfare and air combat is described in considerable detail as first one side and then the other gains the advantage. Seven major naval engagements are recounted.Part II, THE CENTRAL SOLOMONS CAMPAIGNS chronicles the amphibious operations in the New Georgia Islands group including the five separate landings at Rendova, Segi Point, Viru Harbor, Wickham Anchorage, and Rice Anchorage, plus three more significant naval battles and the occupation of Vella Lavella.Part III, THE NORTHERN SOLOMONS CAMPAIGNS recounts the seizure of the Treasuries, the Choiseul Diversion and the Bougainville campaign, plus two more significant naval battles.LESSONS LEARNED - Finally, the many valuable lessons learned during the Solomons Campaigns are summarized, ranging from logistic support and force requirements to offshore toeholds and leapfrogging. Most became doctrine in later Pacific campaigns.Other books in the series Vol. I, THE AMPHIBIANS ARE COMING! Emergence of the Gator Navy and its Revolutionary Landing Craft Vol. III, PACIFIC EXPRESS: The Critical Role of Military Logistics in World War II less...
Amazon

Simon Bolivar: A Life by John Lynch
Amazon Says: Simón Bolívar was a revolutionary who freed six countries, an intellectual who argued the principles of national liberation, and a general who fought a cruel colonial war. H more...
Amazon Says: Simón Bolívar was a revolutionary who freed six countries, an intellectual who argued the principles of national liberation, and a general who fought a cruel colonial war. His life, passions, battles, and great victories became embedded in Spanish American culture almost as soon as they happened. This is the first major English-language biography of “The Liberator” in half a century. John Lynch draws on extensive research on the man and his era to tell Bolívar’s story, to understand his life in the context of his own society and times, and to explore his remarkable and enduring legacy. The book illuminates the inner world of Bolívar, the dynamics of his leadership, his power to command, and his modes of ruling the diverse peoples of Spanish America. The key to his greatness, Lynch concludes, was supreme will power and an ability to inspire people to follow him beyond their immediate interests, in some cases through years of unremitting struggle. Encompassing Bolívar’s entire life and his many accomplishments, this is the definitive account of a towering figure in the history of the Western hemisphere.   less...
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Amazon Says: Six men on a small raft sail four thousand miles across the Pacific Ocean, from Peru to the Polynesian Islands. more...
Amazon Says: Six men on a small raft sail four thousand miles across the Pacific Ocean, from Peru to the Polynesian Islands. less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: Of all the Patriots who served in the American Revolution, perhaps only George Washington made a greater contribution than did General Nathanael Greene. One of Washington's mo more...
Amazon Says: Of all the Patriots who served in the American Revolution, perhaps only George Washington made a greater contribution than did General Nathanael Greene. One of Washington's most trusted advisors, Greene proved his ability and courage in many of the war's most important battles. But his most important task was as commander of the Continental Army in the southern colonies. When Greene was appointed to the post in late 1780, the British Army seemed unstoppable and American hopes for independence were fading. But Greene developed and implemented a strategy that would turn things around in less than a year, culminating in the British surrender at Yorktown in October 1781, and the eventual end of the Revolution. Nathanael Greene would undoubtedly have played an important part in the early years of the newly independent United States of America if not for his sudden tragic death in 1786 at age 44. He deserves to be remembered as one of America's greatest commanders. less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: In 1917, the notorious Oriental dancer Mata Hari was arrested on the charge of espionage; less than one year later, she was tried and executed, charged with the deaths of at l more...
Amazon Says: In 1917, the notorious Oriental dancer Mata Hari was arrested on the charge of espionage; less than one year later, she was tried and executed, charged with the deaths of at least 50,000 gallant French soldiers. The mistress of many senior Allied officers and government officials, even the French minister of war, she had a sharp intellect and a golden tongue fluent in several languages; she also traveled widely throughout war-torn Europe, with seeming disregard for the political and strategic alliances and borders. But was she actually a spy? In this persuasive new biography, Pat Shipman explores the life and times of the mythic and deeply misunderstood dark-eyed siren to find the truth. less...
Amazon

Falkenberg's Legion by Jerry Pournelle
Amazon Says: Falkenberg's Legion, by Pournelle, Jerry more...
Amazon Says: Falkenberg's Legion, by Pournelle, Jerry less...
Amazon

Lake Wobegon Days by Garrison Keillor
Amazon Says: One of a series of titles first published by Faber between 1930 and 1990, and in a style and format planned with a view to the appearance of the volumes on the bookshelf. Keil more...
Amazon Says: One of a series of titles first published by Faber between 1930 and 1990, and in a style and format planned with a view to the appearance of the volumes on the bookshelf. Keillor's tales present a wryly affectionate and humorous chronicle of an imaginary town in the American Midwest. less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: More than one thousand questions and quizzes test readers' knowledge of the popular television series, accompanied by episode summaries, actor and character profiles, behind more...
Amazon Says: More than one thousand questions and quizzes test readers' knowledge of the popular television series, accompanied by episode summaries, actor and character profiles, behind-the-scenes trivia, and other secrets. Original. less...
Amazon
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