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Public Domain from Wikipedia user Anubis3

Today in History with a Twist: December 10, 2013

Nobel Winners!

     1906 - Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first American to win a Nobel Prize when he wins the Nobel Peace Prize for negotiating the peace treaty ending the Russo-Japanese War.  He would call Japan's sneak attack on Port Arthur to start the war a brilliant military maneuver. - Shouldn't have encouraged them.

     1978 - Prime Minister of Israel Menachem Begin and President of Egypt Anwar Sadat are jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for negotiating peace between their two countries.  Unfortunately it would cost Sadat his life. - Can't trust the Brotherhood.

     1993 - Nelson Mandela was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 together with Frederik Willem de Klerk for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa.  Nelson Mandela died on 5 December.

     Toast the winners with a Lager.  It’s National Lager Day!  Lager is a type of German beer that is bottom fermented and lightly hopped.  It is usually stored for at least three weeks after brewing before it is served.  Lager is the dominant style of beer throughout the world, except in England where ale is the favorite style.  The only real difference between ale and lager is that ales ferment and age quickly at warm temperatures, while lagers ferment and age slowly at cool temperatures.  These different types of fermentation allow for a vast difference in flavor and aroma. (Punchbowl.com)  To celebrate National Lager Day, head to Hunter Gather tonight at seven for the Library's Young Professionals book exchange.  Bring in a book to exchange and pick up something to take home, book that is, and tip a few with us while you are there.

     1935 - The first Downtown Athletic Club Trophy, later renamed the Heisman Trophy, is awarded to halfback Jay Berwanger of the University of Chicago. - Yes the University of Chicago used to have top line football program.

     1884 - Mark Twain's Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is published for the first time. - Even back then many people couldn't see past the words to get the message.  Fun fact: One of America's classic novels was published in England and Canada before being released in the United States.

     1965 - The Grateful Dead's first concert performance under this new name.  One of the great bands of all time.  Only broke up with the death of Jerry Garcia in 2005.  Several spinoff bands still exist. - Dead Heads will never go away, bet they are ready for the Zombie apocalypse.

     1955 - The Mighty Mouse Playhouse premieres on television. - My favorite program when I was a young kid.  Still remember the episode where the evil cats were freezing the mice and turning them into mousecicles, great television.

Today birthdays:

     1851 - Melvil Dewey - American librarian, created the Dewey Decimal System (d. 1931) - Bye, Bye Dewey system.

     1956 - Rod Blagojevich - 40th Governor of Illinois - Talked about yesterday, twice in one week is two times too many.

To learn more about the above topics check out the following books from the Library's collection:


Amazon Says: 90 minute color DVD, Woody Woodpecker, The Land of the Lost, Teachers Pest, Gabby Swing Cleaning, Pantry Panic more...
Amazon Says: 90 minute color DVD, Woody Woodpecker, The Land of the Lost, Teachers Pest, Gabby Swing Cleaning, Pantry Panic less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: No president in American history has suffered a stranger fate at the hands of posterity than Theodore Roosevelt. The world leader who achieved international recognition and po more...
Amazon Says: No president in American history has suffered a stranger fate at the hands of posterity than Theodore Roosevelt. The world leader who achieved international recognition and popularity in his own time as a man of peace (he was one of only two presidents awarded the Nobel Peace Prize) is submerged in the image of the Rough Rider, the “Bully” fighter, whose enthusiasm for a fight or a hunt was unrestrained by humanitarian or other concerns. The kindest criticism of Roosevelt holds that by good luck and good advice he was able to avoid disaster; the unkindest that he was an international adventurer who posturing misled may an admirer. Moreover, the apparent paradox implicit in his famous slogan, “Speak softly and carry a big stick,” has confused scholar and layman alike, and that confusion has been abetted by the seemingly contradictory impulses of his personality.Frederick W. Marks III, drawing upon archival and manuscript materials in five countries, as well as numerous primary and secondary sources, rebuts, point by pint, the myths and misconceptions that have given rise to this distorted and confused image. Arguing that Roosevelt can be understood only in the context of his time and that the whole of his diplomatic record provides the key to understanding its individual parts, he reconstructs in careful detail the man, his time, and his record, and, in so doing, allows us to see Theodore Roosevelt whole.Given the received opinion concerning the man and his presidency and the nature of contemporary political attitudes, Mark’s interpretation of Roosevelt’s conduct of foreign affairs will undoubtedly prove highly controversial, yet his argument, buttressed as it is by a wealth of source material, deserves serious consideration by those concerned not only with the accuracy of historical judgment but also with the successful conduct of foreign relations. less...
Amazon


Amazon Says: A biography of the famous Egyptian leader, tracing his rise to power, his part in the 1973 war with Israel, and his role in the peace process, which won him the Nobel peace pr more...
Amazon Says: A biography of the famous Egyptian leader, tracing his rise to power, his part in the 1973 war with Israel, and his role in the peace process, which won him the Nobel peace prize. less...
Amazon


Amazon Says: After a detailed examination of the ingredients that go into brewing lagers, Noonan covers the essential steps of planning recipes and brewing classic lager styles. Recipes a more...
Amazon Says: After a detailed examination of the ingredients that go into brewing lagers, Noonan covers the essential steps of planning recipes and brewing classic lager styles. Recipes are included. Illustrations. less...
Amazon


Amazon Says: To the select fraternity of men who have won the Heisman Trophy since its inception in 1935, the award is so much more than just a football trophy. The Heisman is a national s more...
Amazon Says: To the select fraternity of men who have won the Heisman Trophy since its inception in 1935, the award is so much more than just a football trophy. The Heisman is a national symbol of collegiate football experience and competitiveness. Over time, it has become the single most celebrated individual award in all of American sports. Although the Heisman Trophy is old, it does not age. If anything, its impact gets stronger every year. No other individual award captures the country’s imagination like the Heisman does. From the very first time toe meets leather to kick off a college football season, fans across the country begin debating which players will be the top Heisman Trophy candidates. While the Heisman Trophy is the most famous individual award in sports, very little is known about John W. Heisman, the man the Downtown Athletic Club of New York chose to honor in 1936 by naming its national player of the year award for him. In Heisman: The Man Behind the Trophy, John M. Heisman, the legendary coach’s great-nephew, and New York Times bestselling author Mark Schlabach offer college football fans across the country the first authorized and definitive biography of the man whose life has been memorialized by the Heisman Trophy. After combing through thousands of pages of Heisman’s personal documents, writings, playbooks, and never-before-published correspondence with some of college football’s most famous coaches, the authors have chronicled Heisman’s life from a young boy growing up on the oil fields of northwest Pennsylvania to eventually becoming one of the sport’s most innovative and successful coaches. less...
Amazon


Amazon Says: Of all the contenders for the title of The Great American Novel, none has a better claim than The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Intended at first as a simple st more...
Amazon Says: Of all the contenders for the title of The Great American Novel, none has a better claim than The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Intended at first as a simple story of a boy's adventures in the Mississippi Valley—a sequel to Tom Sawyer—the book grew and matured under Twain's hand into a work of immeasurable richness and complexity. More than a century after its publication, the critical debate over the symbolic significance of Huck's and Jim's voyage is still fresh, and it remains a major work that can be enjoyed at many levels: as an incomparable adventure story and as a classic of American humor.   less...
Amazon


Amazon Says: If paradox is your pleasure, the Grateful Dead will never let you down. Born of the millennial yearnings of Haight Ashbury in the 1960s and founded on the principles of innova more...
Amazon Says: If paradox is your pleasure, the Grateful Dead will never let you down. Born of the millennial yearnings of Haight Ashbury in the 1960s and founded on the principles of innovation and fierce independence, the Dead became the longest-running show in American history and the centerpiece of a vast underground community whose loyalty appears undiminished.                How the Dead, alone among the avatars of the rebellious '60s, survived to speak to successive generations is the subject of this intensely provocative and personal narrative. Social critic and biographer Carol Brightman, who was active in the political struggles of the era, presents a Whitmanesque tableau of America's colliding countercultures.          Here the Dead--with their original fancy for the Beats and fondness for folk, bluegrass, and blues; their immersion in psychedelics; and their longing for a separate reality--appear alongside those they shunned: the radicals across the Bay in Berkeley. The Free Speech Movement, antiwar rallies, and trips to Vietnam and Cuba are re-created alongside Ken Kesey's Acid Tests, San Francisco be-ins, LSD trips, large and small, and rock festivals across the country. And gradually we see that while the zenith of the Grateful Dead experience was the moment of abandon to music, drugs, and dance, it was as a safe haven from the turmoil beyond the gates that the music and the culture won their place in the hearts of fans.          No stranger paradox emerges in these pages than the role the CIA played as Johnny Appleseed to an infant drug culture. With its LSD-testing programs in college towns, such as the one where Ken Kesey and Robert Hunter, later Garcia's lyricist, first tasted the forbidden fruit, the CIA sowed the seeds of the chemical manipulations of consciousness that remain a leitmotiv of the Dead's culture of enchantment.          Meanwhile, a new portrait of the nonleader leader emerges, as those closest to Jerry Garcia, particularly his second wife, Mountain Girl, speak of his passions and his demons. We see Garcia as a musical existentialist enamored of tradition, a man possessed of a strange, all-encompassing influence who held to a vision of the Grateful Dead's destiny even as he recoiled from the juggernaut it became.          An absorbing and exhilarating exploration of a major chapter in America's cultural history, Sweet Chaos gives us, at last, an understanding of why the Dead means so much to so many. less...
Amazon


Amazon Says: Drawing from rare archival materials researched over a period of 15 years, preeminent Dewey historian Wayne Wiegand has produced the first frank and comprehensive biography of more...
Amazon Says: Drawing from rare archival materials researched over a period of 15 years, preeminent Dewey historian Wayne Wiegand has produced the first frank and comprehensive biography of the man behind the Dewey Decimal Classification System and scores of other enduring achievements. Tracing Dewey's life and influences that shaped it, "Irrepressible Reformer" explores Dewey's ingenious enterprise as a library innovator, New York State education official, and business and resort operator - as well as those aspects many found arrogant, manipulative, immoral and bigoted. The library world's most famous figure, Dewey (1851-1931) copyrighted his Decimal Classification System in 1876 as a young man at Amherst College. After many editions, it is used today in more than 100,000 libraries worldwide. Organiser and first executive officer of the American Library Association, he is credited as the father of library education and of librarianship as a profession. In his myriad activities in education, spelling and metric reform, state politics and hostelry, Dewey crossed paths with Andrew Carnegie, Teddy Roosevelt, Booker T. Washington, and other giants of his era. As New York State Regents Secretary, Dewey was a turn-of-the-century educational reformer ahead of his time in certification and extended learning. Wiegand gives a full account of this period, which ended in a public dipsute over Dewey's exclusionary treatment of Jews. "Irrepressible Reformer" explores Dewey's further troubles with anti-Semitism and sexual harassment as he built the Lake Placid Club in New York into a $15 million property. "Irrepressible Reformer" suffers none of the restraints of previous "kinder, gentler" biographical treatments, as it reveals the enigmatic Dewey "warts and all". Yet, the prize-winning author provides richer background on Dewey's positive achievements than any work to date. A profound character study that reads like a novel, "Irrepressible Reformer" should long serve students and researchers in librarianship, education, New York State history and American reform movements. less...
Amazon


The Governor by Rod Blagojevich
Amazon Says: The Governor provides the most comprehensive look to date at the life of a twice-elected public official in the notoriously complicated world of Illinois politics. We take a t more...
Amazon Says: The Governor provides the most comprehensive look to date at the life of a twice-elected public official in the notoriously complicated world of Illinois politics. We take a tour through the segregated neighborhoods of Chicago, a city of great ethnic diversity, and see firsthand how those divides can evolve into cabals that rival anything found on the national political scene. We follow the governor as he is awakened early one morning, his young daughter sleeping peacefully beside him, and unceremoniously arrested by FBI agents without knowing the charges being brought against him. We see the harsh glare of the spotlight, the media whirlwind already staking out his home and family, rushing to judgment before even the governor himself knew what crimes he'd been accused of committing. We follow him through the maze of political conspiracies, forces brought to light by the ambition of an attorney general and the greed of her Democratic State Party Chairman father, as well as the zeal of a federal prosecutor and the manipulations of a disloyal lieutenant governor. The behind-the-scenes workings to fill the Senate seat vacated by the most popular President-elect in decades becomes something much more incendiary when wiretapped conversations are used by authorities to commit the arrest. But, as the governor soon learns, those tapes are not allowed to be played at his impeachment hearings in the House or Senate. What is on those tapes? And why will the prosecution not let them be heard if they were the primary factor in initiating the arrest that started this political scandal in the first place? Quoting from sources as diverse as Jim Wallis's God's Politics to Aeschylus, Shakespeare to The Purpose Driven Life, The Governor provides not just an inside look at politics on a state and national level but a treatise on the proper place of government in the everyday lives of its people. It is a mandate for healthcare reform, which the governor feels is the civil rights issue of our lifetime. It is a clarion cry, remarkably, against cynicism in modern governing and a return to a more thoughtful and informed sense of government that views its state budgets as moral documents. It is a lament against the current state of the political landscape, one that too often is wracked by scandal and interwoven with a media-driven culture obsessed with scandal and snap judgments. And it is a proclamation that one man will not be silenced, that his side of the story must be heard and that the fight for American liberties and freedom must sometimes occur within its own borders. less...
Amazon

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