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Today in History with a Twist: December 4, 2013

A King is Dead, An Empire is Born.

     771 - Austrasian King Carloman dies, leaving his brother Charlemagne King of the now complete Frankish Kingdom.  Having their father's, Pepin the Short, lands divided between them Carloman and Charlemagne hated each other and both believed they were the rightful heir to all of the lands.  They were close to war when Carloman died; though suspected there was no evidence of foul play.  With Carloman's death Charlemagne gained control of all the territories and the Holy Roman Empire was soon to follow. - Unfortunately, it would be like father, like son when Charlemagne died.

     They should have just sat down with some milk and cookies.  It’s National Cookie Day!  Did you know that the English word "cookie" is derived from the Dutch word "koekje," which means little cake?  Dutch bakers used to test oven temperatures on small amounts of batter so that they would not waste the entire cake mix if the temperature wasn't right.  It was not long before they discovered that these tiny pieces of cooked batter were actually quite tasty! (Punchbowl.com)

     1259 - Kings Louis IX of France and Henry III of England agree to the Treaty of Paris, in which Henry renounces his claims to French-controlled territory on continental Europe (including Normandy) in exchange for Louis withdrawing his support for English rebels.  One of the conditions of the treaty that did not sit well with the English was that when the English King was in France he was considered to be a vassal of the French King and be subservient to him.  There was no reciprocal measure for if the French King went to England.  It is believed that the treaty planted the seeds that lead to the Hundred Year's war. - Some people really hold grudges.

     1674 - Father Jacques Marquette founds a mission on the shores of Lake Michigan to minister to the Illiniwek (the mission would later grow into the city of Chicago, Illinois). - Now you know why Chief Illiniwek was the now banned mascot of the University of Illinois and who Marquette University was named after. - For the sake of political correctness the Illinwek Indians fade even more from our collective memory.

      1971 - At the Catholic-owned McGurk's Bar in Belfast, Northern Ireland the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF), a loyalist paramilitary group, exploded a bomb, killing 15 civilians and wounding 17.  It was the city's highest death toll from a single incident during the "The Troubles".  "The Troubles" was a period from the early 1970's to 1999 in which the ongoing struggle for independence in Northern Ireland got extremely violent.  Over three thousand people were killed. - I would say that was troubling.

     1992 - President George H. W. Bush orders 28,000 US troops to Somalia in Northeast Africa. - Remember the day well, we went into the Thanksgiving holiday expecting to go to Yugoslavia for Christmas and ended up planning to go to Africa. - The Army is so fickle.

     1954 - The first Burger King is opened in Miami, Florida. - I'm glad they got rid of that creepy King they had in their commercials.

 Today's birthdays:

     1892 - Francisco Franco - Spanish general and politician, Caudillo (must be Spanish for dictator) of Spain (d. 1975) - And he is still dead.

     1912 - Pappy Boyington - Flying Tiger, Marine and Medal of Honor, recipient (d. 1988) - best remembered because of a corny TV show, which I watched religiously.

Medal of Honor Citation:

MAJOR GREGORY BOYINGTON UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS RESERVE for service as set forth in the following CITATION:

For extraordinary heroism above and beyond the call of duty as Commanding Officer of Marine Fighting Squadron TWO FOURTEEN in action against enemy Japanese forces in Central Solomons Area from September 12, 1943 to January 3, 1944. Consistently outnumbered throughout successive hazardous flights over heavily defended hostile territory, Major Boyington struck at the enemy with daring and courageous persistence, leading his squadron into combat with devastating results to Japanese shipping, shore installations and aerial forces. Resolute in his efforts to inflict crippling damage on the enemy, Major Boyington led a formation of twenty-four fighters over Kahili on October 17, and, persistently circling the airdrome where sixty hostile aircraft were grounded, boldly challenged the Japanese to send up planes. Under his brilliant command, our fighters shot down twenty enemy craft in the ensuing action without the loss of a single ship. A superb airman and determined fighter against overwhelming odds, Major Boyington personally destroyed 26 of the many Japanese planes shot down by his squadron and by his forceful leadership developed the combat readiness in his command which was a distinctive factor in the Allied aerial achievements in this vitally strategic area.

To learn more about the above topics check out the following books from the Library's collection:


Charlemagne by Derek Wilson
Amazon Says: Charlemagne is seen by historians as the bridge between ancient and modern Europe. His Holy Roman Empire was the embodiment of an ideal that inspired leaders as different as C more...
Amazon Says: Charlemagne is seen by historians as the bridge between ancient and modern Europe. His Holy Roman Empire was the embodiment of an ideal that inspired leaders as different as Charles V, Napoleon, and Hitler, each of whom sought to make a unified Europe a reality again in his own time. In this new biography, the first major study of Charlemagne in more than twenty-five years, Derek Wilson provides an absorbing and lively account of his life, character, and accomplishments. Charlemagne transcends every notion we have of the traditional historical hero. A military strategist of Julius Caesar’s caliber, he had no knowledge of classical history. A ruler with the sagacity of Marcus Aurelius, he ordered summary executions more reminiscent of Caligula or Nero. A devout believer who ensured the survival of Christianity in the West, he considered himself above the Church, sired numerous bastard children, and generated accusations of incest. As Wilson describes a Church divided between the Latin West, with its capital in Rome, and the Greek Church of the East, with its capital in Constantinople, we see not only the emergence of Europe but the trials of a Church in flux. The politics of the day were in constant play and were mastered by Charlemagne with cunning and force. By marrying the military might of his army to the spiritual might of the Church in Rome, Charlemagne dominated his world and forged Western Christendom. Written by one of England’s most respected biographers, Charlemagne is a masterful, multidimensional portrait of a great historical figure—a man whose earthly passions were surpassed only by his religious devotion, and whose religious devotion was exceeded only by his will to power. less...
Amazon

Betty Crocker Cookie Book by Betty Crocker
Amazon Says: Everybody Loves Cookies! Crispy, chewy, crunchy or chocolaty, cookies are always a favorite. This cookie book is filled to the brim with scrumptious recipes, from sweet treat more...
Amazon Says: Everybody Loves Cookies! Crispy, chewy, crunchy or chocolaty, cookies are always a favorite. This cookie book is filled to the brim with scrumptious recipes, from sweet treats to delight your family to dainty, delicious bites perfect for sharing with friends. You'll find plenty of great new recipes and ideas, plus the most sought-after, tried-and-true classics to satisfy any cookie craving. Packed with gorgeous photos so you can see exactly what you're making, it's the only cookie book you'll ever need! You'll find the best cookies for: * Chocoholic Choices _ Triple Chocolate Brownies, Fudgy Layer Squares, Outrageous Double Chocolate -- White Chocolate Chunk Cookies * Holiday Supreme -- Magic Window Cookies, Gingerbread Village, Snowflakes * Elegant Occasions -- Brandy Snap Cups, Lemon Tea Biscuits, Cappuccino-Pistachio Shortbread * Cookie Jar Classics -- Toasted Oatmeal Cookies, Deluxe Chocolate Chip Cookies, Soft Molasses Cookies * Kid's Ultimate -- Peanut Butter Swirl Brownies, Cookie Pizza, Dream Bars less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: England and its Rulers has established itself as an attractive and authoritative account of English history from 1066, which brings the chronicle sources to life and makes o more...
Amazon Says: England and its Rulers has established itself as an attractive and authoritative account of English history from 1066, which brings the chronicle sources to life and makes original assessments of the kings and political events. It emphasizes how the Norman Conquest was followed by the Angevin Empire and then by the Poitevin ministers and favourites brought in by King John and Henry III. The identity of English culture is analysed in the light of these strong external influences. This new edition has an epilogue on Edward I (1272-1307), which considers his wars in Wales and Scotland and reassesses his character and achievements. It also contains a new bibliography on all aspects of English history in the period 1066-1307. less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: Profiles notable people from the Age of Exploration in America, including John Cabot, Ferdinand Magellan, Francis Drake, and Henry Hudson. Title: Biographies of the New more...
Amazon Says: Profiles notable people from the Age of Exploration in America, including John Cabot, Ferdinand Magellan, Francis Drake, and Henry Hudson. Title: Biographies of the New World Author: Anderson, Michael (EDT) Publisher: Rosen Pub Group Publication Date: 2012/08/10 Number of Pages: 135 Binding Type: LIBRARY Library of Congress: 2011043717 less...
Amazon

Children of the Troubles by Laurel Holliday
Amazon Says: A collection of young people's experiences of the violence in Northern Ireland shares their thoughts on growing up with fear. more...
Amazon Says: A collection of young people's experiences of the violence in Northern Ireland shares their thoughts on growing up with fear. less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: When the Pentagon sends troops to what the bureaucrats call a hostile fire zone, they get imminent danger pay amounting to $150 a month. more...
Amazon Says: When the Pentagon sends troops to what the bureaucrats call a hostile fire zone, they get imminent danger pay amounting to $150 a month. less...
Amazon

Guide to Healthy Fast-Food Eating by Hope S. Warshaw R.D.
Amazon Says: Here is the most complete and easy-to-use fast-food guide for people with diabetes, heart disease, and weight challenges. Along with nutrition information, this comprehensive more...
Amazon Says: Here is the most complete and easy-to-use fast-food guide for people with diabetes, heart disease, and weight challenges. Along with nutrition information, this comprehensive book provides the skills and strategies you need to find healthy meals in the most popular fast-food restaurants in America. less...
Amazon

Franco by Sheelagh M. Ellwood
Amazon Says: An excellent introduction to Franco's rise to power and his four decades as autocratic head of state in Spain. more...
Amazon Says: An excellent introduction to Franco's rise to power and his four decades as autocratic head of state in Spain. less...
Amazon
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