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Photo comes from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Public Health Image Library (PHIL), with id number 2674

Today in History with a Twist: December 9, 2013

Smallpox Eradicated!

     1979 - The eradication of the smallpox virus is certified, making smallpox the first and to date only human disease driven to extinction. - and nobody broke out with little cows (as was feared by many at the time since it was the cowpox vaccine that was used).

     Celebrate with a pastry.  It’s National Pastry Day!  Did you know that pastries have been around since 2600 B.C.?  The Egyptians made doughnut-like pastries out of crude flour and honey, and then dipped them in wine. In the 7th century, pastry-making developed as a culinary art form in the Middle East.  It spread to Europe after the Crusades, and French and Italian chefs developed their own version of the recipes and experimented with new techniques.  There are now many different types of pastry including shortcrust, flaky, puff, choux, and phyllo.

     1872 - In Louisiana, P. B. S. Pinchback, son of a slave and her master, becomes the first serving person of African-American descent to become governor of a U.S. state.  He only served for 35 days due to the fact he was only acting as an interim Governor in place of Republican Governor Henry Clay Warmoth who the state legislature had filed impeachment charges against.  Pinchback would later be elected to both the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives, but both elections were contested and he was never seated. - Sounds like some things never change.

     2008 - The Governor of Illinois, Rod Blagojevich, is arrested by federal officials for crimes including attempting to sell the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by President-elect Barack Obama's election to the Presidency. - Politics as usual in my home state.

     1946 - The "Subsequent Nuremberg Trials" begin with the "Doctors' Trial", prosecuting physicians and officers alleged to be involved in Nazi human experimentation and mass murder under the guise of euthanasia.  Though the most famous, Joseph Mengele, would escape to live a long life in South America. - Guess the Hippocratic Oath never got translated into German.

     1835 - The Texian Army captures San Antonio, Texas.  The town had been the center of activities in the early stages of the Texas Revolution and had changed hands several times.  In this instance the Mexican commander, General Cos Santa Anna's Brother-in-law, formally surrendered the town including the fortified mission the Alamo to the Texian Army.  The withdrawal of the Mexican forces left the Mexican government with no organized force in the Texas Territory.  With the situation not being acceptable to the Mexicans, Santa Anna put together a force to restore control of the rebellious territory.  One of first objectives would be the San Antonio and the Alamo. - Since I love to use this term Santa Anna's victory would prove to be a pyrrhic victory.

     1965 - Kecksburg UFO incident - A fireball is seen from Michigan to Pennsylvania; witnesses report something crashing in the woods near Pittsburgh.  In 2005 NASA admited that it examined the object.  Though previously denying it NASA changed the story in 2005 to it being a crashed Russian sattelite.  They claim they lost the original report and evidence. - Smelling cover up?  Remember this is the same agency that lost the recordings of the Apollo 11 moon landing.  Can put a man on the moon but can't maintain their files. - I still believe.

Today's birthdays:

     1594 - Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden (d. 1632) - One of the greatest military leaders of all times he turned Sweden into one of the leading powers in Europe at the time.  The Swedish rise would be short lived though when Gustavus was killed at the Battle of Lutzen in the Thirty Year's War. - I have stood on that spot.

     1608 - John Milton, English poet (d. 1674) - IMHO he wrote some disturbing poems.

To learn more about the above topics check out the following books from the Library's collection:


Amazon Says: Simply, and with great humanity, The Eradication of Smallpox tells the story of smallpox - it's origins, the horror of the disease, and the millions of people killed or more...
Amazon Says: Simply, and with great humanity, The Eradication of Smallpox tells the story of smallpox - it's origins, the horror of the disease, and the millions of people killed or disfigured by it. During the 18th and 19th centuries, it is estimated that one out of every ten people died from the disease; some say one out of every seven. Smallpox attacked very young children in particular. The story progresses with the practice of variolation, the life of Edward Jenner who first proposed 'vaccination' with cow pox vaccine (little James Phipps was the first person ever vaccinated in this way), the years of debate about the efficacy of this novel method, and the later worldwide initiatives to rid the planet of this horrific disease. In 1979, the story culminates in the only total eradication of an infectious disease that mankind has ever accomplished. This year celebrates the 20th anniversary of this momentous achievement. In the intervening years, debate has raged about what we should do with the remaining smallpox viral stocks. Do we destroy them, so they can't fall into the hands of bioterrorists, or do we maintain them, in case they may be of use in some unexpected way, for therapeutic purposes? These questions are thoroughly discussed in the book. Key Features * Covers the background, history and origin of smallpox, and brings the story up to the present day * Gives full and interesting details of Jenner's life, and tells how this humble country doctor brought about a revolution in vaccination * Includes many quotes from historical figures * Features 120 high quality photographs, many originating from unique historical plates in the author's private collection * Includes new research data * Provides new views on the eradication and destruction of smallpox less...
Amazon


The Pie and Pastry Bible by Rose Levy Beranbaum
Amazon Says: The Pie and Pastry Bible is your magic wand for baking the pies, tarts, and pastries of your dreams -- the definitive work by the country's top baker. More than 3 more...
Amazon Says: The Pie and Pastry Bible is your magic wand for baking the pies, tarts, and pastries of your dreams -- the definitive work by the country's top baker. More than 300 recipes, 200 drawings of techniques and equipment, and 70 color pictures of finished pies, tarts, and pastries Easy-to-follow recipes for fruit pies, chiffon pies, custard pies, ice-cream pies, meringue pies, chocolate pies, tarts and tartlets, turnovers, dumplings, biscuits, scones, crostadas, galettes, strudel, fillo, puff pastry, croissants (chocolate, too), Danish, brioche, sticky buns, cream puffs, and profiteroles All kinds of fillings, glazes, toppings, and sauces, including pastry cream, frangipane, Chiboust, fruit curds, ice creams, fondant, fruit preserves, streusel, meringues, ganache, caramel, and hot fudge A separate chapter featuring foolproof flaky, tender, and original crusts of every kind imaginable. Here are a few: Flaky Cream Cheese Pie Crust, Flaky Cheddar Cheese Pie Crust, Miracle Flaky Lard Pie Crust, and Flaky Goose Fat Pie Crust; Bittersweet Chocolate, Coconut, Ginger, and Sweet Nut Cookie Crusts; and Vanilla, Gingersnap, Chocolate, and Graham Cracker Crumb Crusts Countless tips that solve any problem, including the secrets to making a juicy fruit pie with a crisp bottom crust and a lemon meringue pie that doesn't weep How to make a tender and flaky pie crust in under three minutes How to make the best brownie ever into a crustless tart with puddles of ganache Exciting savory recipes, including meat loaf wrapped in a flaky Cheddar cheese crust and a roasted poblano quiche Extensive decorating techniques for the beginning baker and professional alike that show you how to make chocolate curls, pipe rosettes, crystallize flowers and leaves, and more Detailed information on ingredients and equipment, previously available only to professionals The wedding cake reconceived as a Seven-Tier Chocolate Peanut Butter Mousse Tart Pointers for Success follow the recipes, guaranteeing perfect results every time less...
Amazon


Amazon Says: FOR USE IN SCHOOLS AND LIBRARIES ONLY. Offers brief biographies of African American educators, entertainers, inventors, authors, athletes, and others who have made important c more...
Amazon Says: FOR USE IN SCHOOLS AND LIBRARIES ONLY. Offers brief biographies of African American educators, entertainers, inventors, authors, athletes, and others who have made important contributions to American life. less...
Amazon


Amazon Says: No one did political corruption quite like Rod Blagojevich. The 40th governor of Illinois made international headlines in 2008 when he was roused from his bed and arrested by more...
Amazon Says: No one did political corruption quite like Rod Blagojevich. The 40th governor of Illinois made international headlines in 2008 when he was roused from his bed and arrested by the FBI at his Chicago home. He was accused of running the state government as a criminal racket and, most shockingly, caught on tape trying to barter away President-elect Barack Obama’s US Senate seat. Most politicians would hunker down, stay quiet, and fight the federal case against them. But as he had done for years, Rod Blagojevich proved he was no ordinary politician. Instead, he fueled the headlines, proclaiming his innocence on seemingly every national talk show and street corner he could find. Revealing evidence from the investigation never before made public, Golden is the most complete telling yet of the Blagojevich story, written by two Chicago reporters who covered every step of his rise and fall and spent years sifting through evidence, compiling documents, and conducting more than a hundred interviews with those who have known Blagojevich from his childhood to his time in the governor’s office. Dispensing with sensationalism to present the facts about one of the nation’s most notorious politicians, the authors detail the mechanics of the corruption that brought the governor down and profile a fascinating and frustrating character who embodies much of what is wrong with modern politics. With Blagojevich now serving 14 years in prison, the time has come for the last word on who Blagojevich was, how he was elected, how he got himself into trouble, and how the feds took him down. less...
Amazon


Amazon Says: A chilling story of human depravity and ultimate justice, told for the first time by an eyewitness court reporter for the Nuremberg war crimes trial of Nazi doctors. This is t more...
Amazon Says: A chilling story of human depravity and ultimate justice, told for the first time by an eyewitness court reporter for the Nuremberg war crimes trial of Nazi doctors. This is the account of 23 men torturing and killing by experiment in the name of scientific research and patriotism. Doctors from Hell includes trial transcripts that have not been easily available to the general public and previously unpublished photographs used as evidence in the trial. less...
Amazon


Amazon Says: Few historical events are as widely known as the Siege and Battle of the Alamo. This is true not only in the United States, but also throughout much of the rest of the world. more...
Amazon Says: Few historical events are as widely known as the Siege and Battle of the Alamo. This is true not only in the United States, but also throughout much of the rest of the world. The idea of a small band of men choosing to fight and die, in the face of overwhelming odds, for the cause of liberty, has wide appeal. "Alamo Sourcebook 1836" covers all facets of one of the greatest battles known to mankind. This book covers the Siege and the Final Battle. It offers insight into the opposing armies, the weapons, uniforms and equipment. It provides biographical information on the leaders of both sides. It names the men that died and the aftermaths of the battle. But the story and legend of the Alamo did not end on March 6, 1836. It lives on in books, movies, television shows, music and lore. This book covers it all and then some. less...
Amazon


UFO by Charles E. Sellier
Amazon Says: Bestselling author Charles E. Sellier presents the most shocking, mind-boggling book ever written about the U.S. government's UFO conspiracy. UFO is the culmination of decades more...
Amazon Says: Bestselling author Charles E. Sellier presents the most shocking, mind-boggling book ever written about the U.S. government's UFO conspiracy. UFO is the culmination of decades of research into the cover-up of UFO activity, from the highly publicized Roswell Incident to reports of alien abductions. This comprehensive examination of the UFO controversy reveals the frightening truth about unidentified flying objects in never-published photographs, recently declassified documents, interviews, film clips, and eyewitness accounts. less...
Amazon


Amazon Says: "Winner of the James Holly Hanford Prize given by the Milton Society of America An exporation into the mind of John Milton that probes deeper than previous biographical studie more...
Amazon Says: "Winner of the James Holly Hanford Prize given by the Milton Society of America An exporation into the mind of John Milton that probes deeper than previous biographical studies, John Shawcross's award-winning text examines the psychological underpinnings of Milton's decision to become a poet, the homoerotic dimensions of his personality, and his relationships with his father and mother. John T. Shawcross is professor emeritus of English at the University of Kentucky and the author and editor of many books. See other books in the series Studies in the English Renaissance. less...
Amazon

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