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Library of Congress

Today in History with a Twist: November 1, 2013

More Taxes! 

     1765 - The British Parliament enacts the Stamp Act on the 13 colonies in order to help pay for British military operations in North America, primarily the Seven Years War, French and Indian War to us.  The tax required that many printed materials in the colonies be produced on stamped paper produced in London, carrying an embossed revenue stamp.  These printed materials were legal documents, magazines, newspapers and many other types of paper used throughout the colonies.  Like previous taxes, the stamp tax had to be paid in valid British currency, not in colonial paper money.  The tax faced major opposition in the colonies primarily due to the colonies not being represented in Parliament.  The tax also led to the formation to many protest groups most notably the Sons of Liberty.  The tax would be lifted a year later, ironically due to pressure being put on the government by British merchants who were being hurt by the loss of trade due to the protests. - The seeds are planted.

    Should have talked to their ancestors first.  Today is All Saints’ Day! All Saints' Day, or All Hallows’ Day, is a religious holiday observed by the Anglican and Roman Catholic churches.  All Saints’ Day honors all of the saints, known and unknown, in Christian history.  Dedicating a specific day to individual saints and martyrs is an ancient Christian tradition, and the Feast of All Saints can be traced back to 837 AD.  All Saints’ Day celebrations take place all across the world. In Spain, the play Don Juan Tenorio is performed each year.  In many European countries, people bring flowers to the graves of deceased relatives.  In Mexico, All Saints' Day coincides with Día de los Muertos, or the Day of the Dead.  Did you know that All Hallows’ Eve, All Saints' Day, and All Souls' Day are known collectively as Hallowtide?  Take a moment to remember all those who have come before you to commemorate the occasion. (Punchbowl.com)

In Europe:

      1993 - The Maastricht Treaty takes effect, formally establishing the European Union. - Arguably Germany is the leading country in the Union finally doing with the Mark what they couldn't do with panzers.

Exploration:

      1520 - The Strait of Magellan, the passage immediately south of mainland South America connecting the Pacific and the Atlantic Oceans, is first discovered and navigated by European explorer Ferdinand Magellan during the first recorded circumnavigation voyage. - Funny how he found a passage with the same name as his!

Government Agencies:

     1870 - The Weather Bureau (later renamed the National Weather Service) made its first official meteorological forecast. - Did they get it right?

     1897 - The first Library of Congress building opened its doors to the public.  The Library had been housed in the Congressional Reading Room in the U.S. Capitol. - When people talk amnesty there it has a whole different meaning. Religious news:

     1512 - The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, painted by Michelangelo, is exhibited to the public for the first time. - A lot of stiff necks that day.

Atomic energy:

     1951 - Just outside of Las Vegas, Nevada, 6,500 American soldiers are involuntarily exposed to 'Desert Rock' atomic explosions for training purposes as part of Operation Buster-Jangle.  The briefing officer assured them that they were in no danger. - Did he say that with a straight face?

     1952 - The United States successfully detonated the first large hydrogen bomb, codenamed "Mike" ["M" for megaton], in the Eniwetok atoll, located in the Marshall Islands in the central Pacific Ocean.  The explosion had a yield of 10 megatons.  It is known as Operation Ivy. - Doubt there was much Ivy left after the blast.

In Sporting news:

     1959 - Montreal Canadiens goaltender Jacques Plante wears a protective mask for the first time in an NHL game. - What would Jason have done if Plante had never introduced the mask?

Today we celebrate the birthdays of:

     846 - Louis the Stammerer - French king (d. 879) His name probably explains the way he was viewed.  He was said to be physically weak and outlived his father by only two years.  He had relatively little impact on politics.  It was said to be "a simple and sweet man, a lover of peace, justice, and religion".  In the last years of his life he did lead campaigns against Viking invaders, the last of which he died on.  His father was Charles the Bald. - No holding back on nicknames back then.

     1940 - Barry Sadler - Soldier, author, and singer (d. 1989) - Most famous for his song 'The Ballad of the Green Berets'. - I did like his Casca series.

To learn more about the above topics check out the following books from the Library's collection:


Amazon Says: Designed to help students better understand the vitally important historical events of 18th century American history, this volume in the acclaimed series presents 10 major eve more...
Amazon Says: Designed to help students better understand the vitally important historical events of 18th century American history, this volume in the acclaimed series presents 10 major events in separate chapters. From the Great Awakening early in the century to Jefferson's Revolution of 1800, each chapter goes beyond the traditional textbook treatment of history by considering the immediate and far-reaching ramifications of each event. Events covered are: The Great Awakening, The Era of Salutary Neglect, The French and Indian War, The Stamp Act, The Boston Tea Party, The Declaration of Independence, The American Revolution, The Constitutional Convention, The XYZ Affair, and The Revolution of 1800.Each chapter features an introductory essay that presents the facts of the event, followed by an interpretive essay that places the event in a broader context and promotes student analysis. The introductory essay provides factual material in a clear, concise, chronological manner that makes complex history understandable. The interpretive essay, written by a recognized authority in the field and written in a style designed to appeal to a general readership, assesses the event in terms of its political, economic, sociocultural, and international/diplomatic significance. With its emphasis on factual details and interpretive analysis, an illustration, and an annotated bibliography for each event, a glossary of names, events, and terms of the period, a timeline of important events in eighteenth-century history, and a table of the population of the colonies and selected colonial towns, Events That Changed America in the Eighteenth Century is an ideal addition to the high school, community college, and undergraduate reference shelf, as well as excellent supplementary reading in social studies and American history courses. less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: A look at the future of Europe drawing on the experience and foresight of some of the leading journalists working in Europe today, as well as the visions of heads of state, go more...
Amazon Says: A look at the future of Europe drawing on the experience and foresight of some of the leading journalists working in Europe today, as well as the visions of heads of state, government ministers, corporate magnates, entrepreneurs, and young people from each of the 15 European Union member countries. The contributors forecast what Europe might look like down the not-too-distant road. Their subjects range from domestic political to foreign policy, from technology to international trade less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: TO AMERICA AND AROUND THE WORLD The Logs of Christopher Columbus and Ferdinand Magellan, by Adolph Caso This book contains the daily logs kept by Columbus—himself—and by M more...
Amazon Says: TO AMERICA AND AROUND THE WORLD The Logs of Christopher Columbus and Ferdinand Magellan, by Adolph Caso This book contains the daily logs kept by Columbus—himself—and by Magellans’s scribe, Antonio Pigafetta, on their fateful voyages to the unknown Americas and subsequently around the world. These voyages have unequivocally changed and impacted on the western world like no other event except for the advent of Jesus Christ. The logs herewith are the first translations into English, and read like any modern adventure story such as Around the World in 80 Days. In one of his essays, Adolph Caso takes on the polemics surrounding the persona of Columbus—especially the issues of Leif Ericson—with the forged Vinland Map; the issue of Columbus being Jewish—with the claims that Columbus secretly worked with his Jewish brothers to find a Jewish state in the New World; and whether America should have a Columbus Day celebration. Giacomelli, on the other hand, tells the story of how America got its name. less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: Whether it is used as an icebreaker in conversation or as the subject of serious inquiry, “the weather” is one of the few subjects that everyone talks about. And though we more...
Amazon Says: Whether it is used as an icebreaker in conversation or as the subject of serious inquiry, “the weather” is one of the few subjects that everyone talks about. And though we recognize the faces that bring us the weather on television, how government meteorologists and forecasters go about their jobs is rarely scrutinized. Given recent weather-related disasters, it’s time we find out more. In Authors of the Storm, Gary Alan Fine offers an inside look at how meteorologists and forecasters predict the weather. Based on field observation and interviews at the Storm Prediction Center in Oklahoma, the National Weather Service in Washington, D.C., and a handful of midwestern outlets, Fine finds a supremely hard-working, insular clique of professionals who often refer to themselves as a “band of brothers.” In Fine’s skilled hands, we learn their lingo, how they “read” weather conditions, how forecasts are written, and, of course, how those messages are conveyed to the public. Weather forecasts, he shows, are often shaped as much by social and cultural factors inside local offices as they are by approaching cumulus clouds. By opening up this unique world to us, Authors of the Storm offers a valuable and fascinating glimpse of a crucial profession. less...
Amazon

The Sistine Chapel by Fabrizio Mancinelli
Amazon Says: The Sistine Chapel in the Vatican is considered the epitome of the great Italian Renaissance and this richly illustrated volume guides readers through the history of the cha more...
Amazon Says: The Sistine Chapel in the Vatican is considered the epitome of the great Italian Renaissance and this richly illustrated volume guides readers through the history of the chapel and its world famous frescoes by Michelangelo. Covered in depth is the acclaimed restoration in which the frescoes were cleaned of centuries of dirt and grime bringing to light the original colors of Michelangelo's masterpiece. less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: This is the astonishing story of how the United States exploded atomic weapons on its own soil. For over a decade, from 1951 to 1963, the U.S. government used the Nevada Te more...
Amazon Says: This is the astonishing story of how the United States exploded atomic weapons on its own soil. For over a decade, from 1951 to 1963, the U.S. government used the Nevada Test Site to detonate above-ground atomic bombs as part of its postwar military nuclear testing program. "Only" 100,000 people lived downwind of the test site, for the bombs were set off only when the wind was blowing in an easterly direction, that, away from California of Las Vegas. By 1982, over 1,100 people had sued the government for causing injury and wrongful death because the Atomic Energy Commision had acted negligently in implementing the testing. Although scientific knowledge about the hazards of low-level radiation was not extensive at the time, enough was known to have warranted concern. Indeed, immediately after one set of tests in 1953, thousands of sheep and cattle died. But AEC officials, fearful that any public outcry might shut down the program, not only downplayed the significance of the animals' deaths but even went so far as to perpetrate "a fraud on the Court" by hiding evidence that suggested possible connections between the sheep deaths and the nuclear fallout. By 1978 the "downwinders" were no longer concerned with animal deaths. By then most scientific studies had shown associations between the epidemic of childhood leukemia and other cancers and radioactive fallout. This book tells the story of the clash between a group of deeply religious, politically conservative, fiercely patriotic citizens and an overzealous independent regulatory agency bent on exercising its own power in the name of national security. Pressing their case in the courts and in Congress, the downwind plaintiffs learned they were no match for a government even now extremely reluctant to admit its responsibility. About the Author: Howard Ball is Professor of Political Science and Dean of the College of Social and Behavioral Science at the University of Utah and author of many books, including Federal Regulatory Agencies and Courts and Politics. less...
Amazon

Hockey Goaltending by Brian Daccord
Amazon Says: Any player who's ever strapped on skates knows that quality goaltending and winning hockey go hand in hand. As a goaltender in low-scoring games, you have little mar more...
Amazon Says: Any player who's ever strapped on skates knows that quality goaltending and winning hockey go hand in hand. As a goaltender in low-scoring games, you have little margin for error in trying to keep your team in the game. In wide-open games, you're the last line of defense with little support from your teammates. A sure-fire guide to reaching your potential in the net, Hockey Goaltending provides a well-illustrated and comprehensive look at mastering the unique skills and challenges faced by goaltenders. Accompanying 135 photos and illustrations is detailed instruction on the fundamental skills required to play goal, strategies for dealing with every shooting situation, and complete off-ice conditioning programs. Written for coaches and goaltenders in both ice and roller hockey, you'll find everything you need to prepare in practice and perform in games. Profiles of top NHL goaltenders in each chapter add even greater insight into proven techniques and tactics.Hockey Goaltending gives beginning- and intermediate-level players solid advice for choosing proper equipment and mental training tips for handling the pressures of hockey's toughest position. Don't let this one get by you-Hockey Goaltending may be your ticket to becoming an elite goalie in your league this season. less...
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