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Today in History with a Twist: October 1, 2013

Guilty!

     1946 - The sentences are handed down on the Nazi leaders at the Nuremberg Trials.  Twelve of the twenty four defendants were sentenced to death, ten of which were hanged, Goerring committed suicide prior to his hanging and Martin Borman was found guilty in absentia and it was discovered that he had been killed in 1945 when his body was found decades later.  Three were acquitted and two not sentenced, one due the defendant committing suicide prior to the trial and the other Gustav Krupp being declared medically unfit to stand trial, ironically he was only indicted due to a clerical error, it was his son Alfred who was supposed to be charged but the judge would not let the substitution be made before the trial.  The rest received sentences varying from ten years to life. - There were charges that the hangman's nooses were purposely improperly measured so that the sentenced men would die a slow death from strangulation rather than have their necks broken causing a more humane death.  This was refuted despite the fact that most of the men took 15 to 30 minutes to die. - I'm sure it wasn't intentional.

     No cookies for them but for us it's Homemade Cookies Day!  Rather than stop by the store for your favorite brand of cookie, bake up your own batch of cookies today!  Whether you use a family recipe or browse online for a fun new recipe to try, today is the perfect day to bake up delicious cookies.  Cookies originated from extra cake batter that Dutch bakers experimented with cooking at varying oven temperatures.  Eventually they got it right, realized how yummy they are, and named these tiny cakes "cookies!" (Punchbowl.com)

     331 BC - Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela.  The victory split the Persian Empire.  Darius was traveling east to raise a new army to face Alexander when one of his Generals, Bessus, assassinated him.  This is considered the end of the Persian Empire. - Alexander seemed to be responsible for a lot of that.

     1827 - In the Russo-Persian War the Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination in Armenia.  Paskevich's successes would lead to victory in the war in the following January and the emergence of the modern states of Armenia and Azerbaijan on the territories conquered from Persia during the war. - Not looking so good for the Russians today.

     1918 - Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence, also known as "Lawrence of Arabia" capture Damascus. - The first Arab Spring?

     959 - Edgar the Peaceable becomes king of all England.  His moniker is a bit of a misnomer due primarily to there being no wars during his reign.  He did seize the lands of his brothers and consolidated England into a single country. - His brothers probably didn't think of him as being peaceable.

      1961 - The United States Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) is formed, becoming the country's first centralized military espionage organization. - Espionage has such a negative connotation, I prefer Intelligence Collection.

Today we celebrate the birthdays of:

     86 BC - Sallust - Roman historian (d. 34 BC) - Earliest known Roman historian, influenced by Thucydides.  Rode Caesar's coat tails and would be named governor of the province of Africa Nova.  Adept at collecting kick backs and would illegally amass a personal fortune.  Was not a skilled military leader but he was good at logistics which Caesar valued. - Sounds like there's a commercial in there somewhre.

     1881 - William Boeing - Engineer and businessman, founded the Boeing Company (d. 1956) - Seattle should be named after him.

 

To learn more about the above topics checkout the following books from the Library's collection:


Amazon Says: A chilling story of human depravity and ultimate justice, told for the first time by an eyewitness court reporter for the Nuremberg war crimes trial of Nazi doctors. This is t more...
Amazon Says: A chilling story of human depravity and ultimate justice, told for the first time by an eyewitness court reporter for the Nuremberg war crimes trial of Nazi doctors. This is the account of 23 men torturing and killing by experiment in the name of scientific research and patriotism. Doctors from Hell includes trial transcripts that have not been easily available to the general public and previously unpublished photographs used as evidence in the trial. less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: Eighty-two recipes provide a sampling of time-tested, all-time favorite s from "Better Homes and Gardens". 27 color photos. more...
Amazon Says: Eighty-two recipes provide a sampling of time-tested, all-time favorite s from "Better Homes and Gardens". 27 color photos. less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: By the time of his death in 323 B.C., Alexander III of Macedonia had built an empire that stretched from the eastern Mediterranean coast through Asia Minor and into the Indus more...
Amazon Says: By the time of his death in 323 B.C., Alexander III of Macedonia had built an empire that stretched from the eastern Mediterranean coast through Asia Minor and into the Indus valley. Even before his sudden death, Alexander had achieved mythical status throughout his kingdom, and in the centuries that followed his life became the subject of countless chronicles and biographies. N. G. L. Hammond, the foremost expert on ancient Macedonian history, here presents a new account of Alexander's fabled career. Based on a thorough analysis of the ancient sources and enriched by a lifetime of research, Hammond's narrative pronounces the Macedonian conqueror a man truly deserving of the title Alexander the Great. According to Hammond, Alexander was a visionary statesman and general, the force behind a kingdom which rose above racism and nationalism to enjoy peace and prosperity. His intellect and charismatic personality, which earned him the respect, admiration, and devotion of his subjects, also help explain Alexander's endurance as a source of fascination into the present day. less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: Book annotation not available for this title. Title: A Concise History of the Armenian People Author: Bournoutian, George A. Publisher: Mazda Pub Publi more...
Amazon Says: Book annotation not available for this title. Title: A Concise History of the Armenian People Author: Bournoutian, George A. Publisher: Mazda Pub Publication Date: 2002/07/01 Number of Pages: 499 Binding Type: PAPERBACK Library of Congress: 2002021898 less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: A major new biography that provides readers with the first nuanced portrait of one of this century's most daring and enigmatic adventurers. T. E. Lawrence began his role in more...
Amazon Says: A major new biography that provides readers with the first nuanced portrait of one of this century's most daring and enigmatic adventurers. T. E. Lawrence began his role in World War I as a map clerk and ended it as one of the greatest military heroes of the century. He altered the face of the Middle East, helped the Arabs gain their freedom, and formulated many of the precepts of modern guerrilla warfare. But he refused any honors and spent the rest of his life in near obscurity. A brilliant propagandist, rhetorician, and manipulator, Lawrence deliberately turned his life into a conundrum, thereby assuring his place as a mythical cult-figure for posterity. But who was the real man behind the masks? Desert explorer and Arab scholar Michael Asher set out to solve this riddle of appearances. The result--a biography combining the techniques of the detective story, travelogue, epic history, and high drama--clears away some of the false trails and captures the authentic atmosphere of the Arab Revolt. less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: Book by Morris, Jean more...
Amazon Says: Book by Morris, Jean less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: Though the wonders of ancient Roman culture continue to attract interest across the disciplines, it is difficult to find a lively, accessible collection of the full range of t more...
Amazon Says: Though the wonders of ancient Roman culture continue to attract interest across the disciplines, it is difficult to find a lively, accessible collection of the full range of the era's literature in English. The Oxford Anthology of Roman Literature provides a general introduction to the literature of the Roman empire at its zenith, between the second century Bc and the second century Ad. Two features of this extraordinarily fertile period in literary achievement as evidenced by this anthology are immediately and repeatedly clear: how similar the Romans' view of the world was to our own and, perhaps even more obviously, how different it was. Most of the authors included in the anthology wrote in Latin, but as the anthology moves forward in time, relevant Greek texts that reflect the cultural diversity of Roman literary life are also included, something no other such anthology has done in the past. Roman literature was wonderfully creative and diverse, and the texts in this volume were chosen from a broad range of genres: drama, epic, philosophy, satire, lyric poetry, love poetry. By its very nature an anthology can abbreviate and thus obscure the most attractive features of even a masterpiece, so the two editors have not only selected texts that capture the essence of the respective authors, but also have included accompanying introductions and afterwords that will guide the reader in pursuing further reading. The presentations of the selections are enlivened with illustrations that locate the works within the contexts of the world in which they were written and enjoyed. The student and general reader will come away from this learned yet entertaining anthology with a fuller appreciation of the place occupied by literature in the Roman world. less...
Amazon

William Boeing: Builder of Planes by Sharlene P. Nelson
Amazon Says: A biography of Bill Boeing, a pioneer in the development of aviation and the founder of the Boeing Company, which started out building military and transport airplanes and now more...
Amazon Says: A biography of Bill Boeing, a pioneer in the development of aviation and the founder of the Boeing Company, which started out building military and transport airplanes and now builds most of the world's passenger jet aircraft. less...
Amazon
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