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Today in History with a twist: October 2, 2013

Rebellion!

     1835 - Mexican soldiers attempt to disarm the people of Gonzales, Texas.  In 1831, Mexican authorities had given the settlers of Gonzales a small cannon to help protect them from frequent Comanche raids.  In the face of rising tensions between the colonists from America and the Mexican Government, the Mexicans decided to take the cannon back.  A Company of Dragoons was sent to retrieve the cannon, but the Colonist's militia resisted and the resulting skirmish became known as the Battle of Gonzales and is recognized to be the start of the Texas Revolution.  The Mexicans did not recover the cannon until after the fall of the Alamo in 1836. - By the way can you tell me how to get into the Alamo's basement?

     Your building's custodians, you see them every day but probably don't really notice them.  Today take a little time recognize them because it is National Custodial Workers Day.  Give your custodial worker a big thanks.  At your school, church, place of employment, and a variety of other places, your custodial support are silently at work all year long.  They are the workers who clean and keep in good repair, the facility that you enjoy.  They seldom get recognition.  They are usually in the background or "behind" the scene.  Take a minute on this day, to seek out custodial workers at your facility.  Give them a big "TY" for all that they do to keep the facility sparkling and running like a top. (http://holidayinsights.com/moreholidays/October/custodialworkerday.htm)

     1187 - After a short siege Saladin captures Jerusalem after 88 years of Crusader rule.  Fortunately for the Crusaders, Saladin did not massacre the city's defenders as the Crusaders had done when they took over the city. - Will Jerusalem ever find peace?

     1941 - The German Army launches Operation Typhoon, an all-out offensive against Moscow.  In one of the most important decision points in the 20th Century, the German attack was stopped in the city's outskirts.  If Moscow had fallen it might have changed the course of the war. - Yet most Americans know nothing about it.

     1967 - Thurgood Marshall is sworn in as the first African-American justice of United States Supreme Court. - The Supreme Court has come a long way from Dred Scott.

     1950 - Peanuts by Charles M. Schulz is first published. - Great reading when I was a kid.  Did Charlie Brown ever get to kick that football?

     1959 - The anthology series The Twilight Zone premieres on CBS television. - This one never gets old. 

Today we celebrate the birthdays of:

     1452 - Richard III of England (d. 1485) - Last king of the House of York and the last of the Plantagenet dynasty.  Killed at the Battle of Bosworth Field.  Buried without any pomp, his body was lost until February of this year. - They really didn't like him.

     1800 - Nat Turner - Leader of the eponymous slave rebellion (d. 1831) - Just had to use that word.

     1847 - Paul von Hindenburg - Prussian-German field marshal and politician, 2nd President of Germany (d. 1934) - Thought he could control Hitler..........

     1890 - Groucho Marx - Comedian and actor (d. 1977) - Always good for a quote.

To learn more about the above topics checkout the following books from Richland Library's collection:


Amazon Says: Few historical events are as widely known as the Siege and Battle of the Alamo. This is true not only in the United States, but also throughout much of the rest of the world. more...
Amazon Says: Few historical events are as widely known as the Siege and Battle of the Alamo. This is true not only in the United States, but also throughout much of the rest of the world. The idea of a small band of men choosing to fight and die, in the face of overwhelming odds, for the cause of liberty, has wide appeal. "Alamo Sourcebook 1836" covers all facets of one of the greatest battles known to mankind. This book covers the Siege and the Final Battle. It offers insight into the opposing armies, the weapons, uniforms and equipment. It provides biographical information on the leaders of both sides. It names the men that died and the aftermaths of the battle. But the story and legend of the Alamo did not end on March 6, 1836. It lives on in books, movies, television shows, music and lore. This book covers it all and then some. less...
Amazon


Amazon Says: Do you ever find yourself losing sight of the important things in life-work and stress can become overwhelming at times. Such is the situation where CEO Roger Kimbrough finds more...
Amazon Says: Do you ever find yourself losing sight of the important things in life-work and stress can become overwhelming at times. Such is the situation where CEO Roger Kimbrough finds himself in this business parable. The Janitor was inspired by Todd Hopkins's personal experiences of interviewing overqualified retired businessmen for evening shift janitorial positions. Todd's applicants consistently would say they simply needed something to do. In this fable, janitor Bob Tidwell helps Roger to reevaluate how he is leading his business and his life. Bob's counsel is based upon six principles that Todd and coauthor Ray Hilbert discovered have the most impact on succeeding in business while holding together a personal life. Their insightful advice is delivered in a real-to-life story that inspires you to find greater fulfillment in your life. Like so many CEOs in the corner office, still working when the janitor arrives to do the nightly cleaning, Roger is having a difficult and stressful evening when he spills his guts to the older janitor. As their relationship develops, Bob, a retired businessman, promises help that will turn Roger's business and personal life around. The story follows not only their weekly meetings at the office but also the application of each principle: Recharge vs. Discharge View Family as a Blessing, Not a Responsibility Pray, Don't Pout Pass It Around Don't Spend, Invest! Leave a Legacy The Janitor's message will capture your mind and heart; stimulate meaningful, lasting life-changes; and show you how to influence your family, neighbors, and coworkers while experiencing business and life to the fullest. "Take a few minutes and devour this little book by Todd Hopkins and Ray Hilbert. It's going to be a motivational classic, and you'll be in on the first wave of inspired readers." - Pat Williams, Senior Vice President, Orlando Magic; and Author, The Warrior Within less...
Amazon


Saladin by Anne-Marie Eddé
Amazon Says: Working simultaneously on two levels, Saladin represents the best kind of biography—a portrait of a man who is said to have made an age, and the most complete account we hav more...
Amazon Says: Working simultaneously on two levels, Saladin represents the best kind of biography—a portrait of a man who is said to have made an age, and the most complete account we have to date of an age that made the man. Unlike biographies that focus on Saladin’s military exploits, especially the recapturing of Jerusalem from European Crusaders in 1187, Eddé’s narrative draws on an incredible array of contemporary sources to develop the fullest picture possible of a ruler shaped profoundly by the complex Arabian political environment in which he rose to prominence. The result is a unique view of the Crusades from an Arab perspective. Saladin became a legend in his own time, venerated by friend and foe alike as a paragon of justice, chivalry, and generosity. Arab politicians ever since have sought to claim his mantle as a justification for their own exercise of power. But Saladin's world-historical status as the ideal Muslim ruler owes its longevity to a tacit agreement among contemporaries and later chroniclers about the set of virtues Saladin possessed—virtues that can now be tested against a rich tapestry of historical research. This tension between the mythical image of Saladin, layered over centuries and deployed in service of specific moral and political objectives, and the verifiable facts of his life available to a judicious modern historian is what sustains Anne-Marie Eddé's erudite biography, published to acclaim in France in 2008 and offered here in smooth, readable English translation. less...
Amazon


Amazon Says: The Battle for Moscow was the deadliest battle of World War II--and the deadliest battle of all time. Between September 30, 1941 and April 20, 1942, seven million German and S more...
Amazon Says: The Battle for Moscow was the deadliest battle of World War II--and the deadliest battle of all time. Between September 30, 1941 and April 20, 1942, seven million German and Soviet troops took part in the battle, and 2.5 million of them were killed, taken prisoner, missing or severely wounded. As German troops approached Moscow, half of the city's population fled, while others looted stores, staged strikes and attacked those who were escaping. In the end, the German drive fell short, but Stalin's regime was so embarrassed by how close they came, by the mistakes the Soviet dictator made that allowed them to do so, and the behavior of many of its own citizens, that the battle was given short shrift in their history books. Both Hitler and Stalin (briefly allied and now newly at war) intruded themselves into the strategies for their armies. Hitler was so overconfident--even though his generals warned him--that the German army went into battle in the Russian fall with no winter clothes. Stalin was so in denial that the majority of Russian soldiers had no weapons. They had to wait for a comrade to fall in order to acquire a gun. Soviet soldiers following the front lines were under orders to shoot anyone who retreated. Meanwhile, the German soldiers, well equipped with armaments, and well trained but with no winter clothes, were freezing to death by the thousands. Nagorski's description of the parallels and differences between Hitler and Stalin is a fascinating opening to his book. His description of Stalin's courtship of FDR and Churchill is an important historical contribution. His account of the near catastrophe of the German attack (Stalin had Lenin's body removed and sent away, so close was Moscow to capitulation) is dramatic. Moscow was under attack and siege for six months. Nagorski describes the horror in great detail. Because he speaks Russian he was able to interview many who lived through this battle, including the young man who transported Lenin's body. The Battle for Moscow was the first turning point of the war, the first time that the German Blitzkrieg had been stopped. If Hitler hadn't committed major mistakes, the history of World War II would have been radically different. Nagorski tells the full story of this epic battle for the first time. He draws upon previously classified documents from the archives of the NKVD, as the KGB was called, letters, diaries, memoirs, and numerous first-hand accounts of survivors, many of whom contradict the sanitized version of events presented by Soviet and even Western writers. The result is a riveting tale of terror, mass murder and, ultimately, a narrow victory that marked the beginning of the end for Hitler's war machine. less...
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Amazon Says: From the bestselling author of Eyes on the Prize, here is the definitive biography of the great lawyer and Supreme Court justice. Thurgood Marshall stands today as the great a more...
Amazon Says: From the bestselling author of Eyes on the Prize, here is the definitive biography of the great lawyer and Supreme Court justice. Thurgood Marshall stands today as the great architect of American race relations, having expanded the foundation of individual rights for all Americans. His victory in the Brown v. Board of Education decision in 1954, the landmark Supreme Court case outlawing school segregation, would have made him a historic figure even if he had not gone on to become the first African-American appointed to the Supreme Court. As a young lawyer, Marshall dealt with criminal cases in which blacks were routinely sent to their deaths with barely a trial, and he was once nearly lynched while defending a client. Remembered as a gruff, aloof figure, Marshall in fact had great charisma and a large appetite for life. Away from the courtroom, he was a glamorous figure in Harlem circles, known as a man-about-town who socialized with prizefighter Joe Louis, singer Cab Calloway, and other black luminaries. He lived in every decade of the century and knew every president from Franklin Roosevelt to Bill Clinton, becoming a respected member of Washington's power elite, known for his savvy and quick wit. But beneath Marshall's charm was a hard-nosed drive to change America that led to surprising clashes with Martin Luther King, Jr., Robert F. Kennedy, and Malcolm X. Most intriguing of all was Marshall's secret and controversial relationship with FBI chief J. Edgar Hoover, revealed here for the first time. Based on eight years of research and interviews with over 150 sources, Thurgood Marshall is the sweeping and inspirational story of an enduring figure in American life, a descendant of slaves who became a true hero for all people. As Juan Williams shows, in page after vivid page, Thurgood Marshall fulfilled the promise of democracy and changed our history. less...
Amazon


Amazon Says: Will Charlie Brown ever get to kick the footballs? Will Schroeder finally return Lucy's love? Will Linus give up his security blanket? Will Peppermint Party ever pass a test? more...
Amazon Says: Will Charlie Brown ever get to kick the footballs? Will Schroeder finally return Lucy's love? Will Linus give up his security blanket? Will Peppermint Party ever pass a test? And, most importantly will Snoopy--that canine literary ace--ever be published? "To take a blank piece of paper and draw characters that people love and worry about is extremely satisfying. It really does not matter what you are called or where your work is placed as long as it brings some kind of joy to some person some place." -- Charles SchulzPeanuts: A Golden Celebration honors the momentous 50th anniversary of Charlie Brown and the gang with over 1,000 carefully selected strips that tell the story of Peanutslike no other book before. In Schulz's own words we learn how he came to create the world's most popular comic strip characters from nostalgic and sometimes painful memories of growing up--such as the agony of classroom Valentine exchange and the longing for a little red-haired girl. From the debut of Peanuts on October 2, 1950, to the golden jubilee, here are fifty years of the favorite episodes and the..."firsts," such as the first time Lucy pulled the football away from Charlie Brown. Included are scenes from the beloved Charlie Brown television. specials and the latest revival of the Broadway musical, You're a Good Man, Charlie Brown. These are the strips and events that have made Peanuts an awesome phenomenon, appearing in 2,600 newspapers worldwide everyday. Not bad for a round-headed kid called Charlie Brown. Let the celebration begin! less...
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Amazon Says: 2009 marks the fiftieth anniversary of The Twilight Zone, arguably one of the most popular television shows ever. Drawing on photographs and personal remembrances, Rod Serling more...
Amazon Says: 2009 marks the fiftieth anniversary of The Twilight Zone, arguably one of the most popular television shows ever. Drawing on photographs and personal remembrances, Rod Serling's widow, Carol, gives commentary on some of the series' most memorable episodes. Veteran film historian Douglas Brode gives in-depth descriptions of these episodes and why they were so resonant with viewers. less...
Amazon


Richard the Third by Paul Murray Kendall
Amazon Says: "The best biography of Richard III that has been written."—A. L. Rowse, Chicago TribunePaul Murray Kendall's masterful account of the life of England's King Richard III has more...
Amazon Says: "The best biography of Richard III that has been written."—A. L. Rowse, Chicago TribunePaul Murray Kendall's masterful account of the life of England's King Richard III has remained the standard biography of this controversial figure. 4 b/w illustrations. less...
Amazon


Amazon Says: Nat Turner's name rings through American history with a force all its own. Leader of the most important slave rebellion on these shores, variously viewed as a murderer of unar more...
Amazon Says: Nat Turner's name rings through American history with a force all its own. Leader of the most important slave rebellion on these shores, variously viewed as a murderer of unarmed women and children, an inspired religious leader, a fanatic--this puzzling figure represents all the terrible complexities of American slavery. And yet we do not know what he looked like, where he is buried, or even whether Nat Turner was his real name. In Nat Turner: A Slave Rebellion in History and Memory, Kenneth S. Greenberg gathers twelve distinguished scholars to offer provocative new insight into the man, his rebellion, and his time, and his place in history. The historians here explore Turner's slave community, discussing the support for his uprising as well as the religious and literary context of his movement. They examine the place of women in his insurrection, and its far-reaching consequences (including an extraordinary 1832 Virginia debate about ridding the state of slavery). Here are discussions of Turner's religious visions--the instructions he received from God to kill all of his white oppressors. Louis Masur places him against the backdrop of the nation's sectional crisis, and Douglas Egerton puts his revolt in the context of rebellions across the Americas. We trace Turner's passage through American memory through fascinating interviews with William Styron on his landmark novel, The Confessions of Nat Turner, and with Dr. Alvin Poussaint, one of the "ten black writers" of the 1960s who bitterly attacked Styron's vision of Turner. Finally, we follow Nat Turner into the world of Hollywood. Nat Turner has always been controversial, an emblem of the searing wound of slavery in American life. This book offers a clear-eyed look at one of the best known and least understood figures in our history. less...
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Paul Von Hindenburg by Russell A. Berman
Amazon Says: Biography of German General/statesmnan Paul von Hindenburg for young people. more...
Amazon Says: Biography of German General/statesmnan Paul von Hindenburg for young people. less...
Amazon


Amazon Says: Groucho Marx may be the funniest man who ever lived.  Here in one volume are the classics of Marxian mayhem: excerpts from the scripts of the immortal movies, passages from more...
Amazon Says: Groucho Marx may be the funniest man who ever lived.  Here in one volume are the classics of Marxian mayhem: excerpts from the scripts of the immortal movies, passages from his books, his articles for magazines ranging from The New Yorker to the Saturday Evening Post, the  choicest ad-libs and quips from his long-running game show, You Bet Your Life, and selected letters, including his classic correspondence with T. S. Eliot.  It's all here-the finest and funniest work by this century's most influential comedian, that man of whom Woody Allen said, "He is simply unique in the same way Picasso and Stravinsky are, and I believe his outrageous, unsentimental disregard for order will be equally funny a thousand years from now.  In addition to all this, he makes me laugh." In the words of Groucho Marx: One morning I shot an elephant in my pajamas. How he go in my pajamas I don't know. Time flies like an arrow.  Fruit flies like a banana. Outside of a dog, a book is man's best friend.  Inside of a dog, it's too dark to read. less...
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