Today in History with a Twist: October 22, 2013
Nukes in Cuba! 1962 - President John F. Kennedy, after internal counsel from General and former President Dwight D. Eisenhower, announced that American reconnaissance planes have discovered Soviet nuclear weapons in Cuba, and that he had ordered a naval "quarantine" of the Communist nation beginning the Cuban Missile Crisis. Tensions would bring the two superpowers closer to nuclear war than at any other time during the Cold War. - Khrushchev was just mad we didn't let him go to Disneyland.
1946 - Operation Osoaviakhim begins. Thousands of German scientists and engineers are rounded up in The Soviet sector of occupied Germany and taken to Russia to work on Russia's space, nuclear and other weapons programs. This was similar to the American Operation Paperclip which brought ex-Nazi German scientists to the United States. - We had a better draft.
Fittingly today is National Nut Day. One can go a little bit batty contemplating the meaning of this day. Our research came up empty on information about this day. So, we can't be certain as to the meaning of this very nutty day. There are two very obvious possibilities: 1. This day honors (???) all of the nutty people in the world. It gives recognition to all the kooks, loony birds and daffy people in your life. Show them you care today. 2. This day celebrates nutritious and healthy nuts (food) of all kinds. Celebrate today by eating lots of nuts, either as a snack, or in baked goods. May we suggest Chocolate Almond Ice Cream? Of course it is always possible that this day celebrates the "Nut" that screws onto a bolt for fastening things. A couple of nutty facts: Peanuts are not really nuts. They are Legumes, a member of the "Pea" family. The center of seeds, like pumpkins and squash, is called a "nut". (http://holidayinsights.com/moreholidays/October/nationalnutday.htm)
On the Crime Beat:
1934 - In East Liverpool, Ohio, Federal Bureau of Investigation agents shot and killed notorious bank robber Pretty Boy Floyd. The FBI agents that gunned him down were led by South Carolinian Melvin Purvis. - Any surprise he hated that nickname?
Science and Innovation:
1797 - One thousand meters (3,200 feet) above Paris, André-Jacques Garnerin makes the first recorded parachute jump. - Why jump out of a perfectly good balloon?
From the world of entertainment:
1926 - J. Gordon Whitehead sucker punches magician Harry Houdini in the stomach in Montreal, precipitating his death. One of Houdini's stunts during his performances was to allow people to punch him in the stomach and not flinch when they hit him. Whitehead and a couple of his friends were visiting Houdini in his dressing room one day before a performance. Whitehead asked Houdini if it were true he could withstand anyone's punches and Houdini answered that he could. Before Houdini could prepare to take a punch Whitehead delivered a series of punch to Houdini's abdomen. Houdini was in serious pain but he went on with the night's show. He put off going to hospital for two days but when he finally went it was found that he was suffering from acute appendicitis brought on by the punches. He would be hospitalized and die on the 31st of peritonitis from the ruptured appendix. - Halloween, fitting day to die for a man who spent a good part of his life debunking Psychics and Mediums.
1844 - In what was called The Great Anticipation, Millerites, followers of William Miller, anticipated this date to be the end of the world in conjunction with the Second Advent of Christ. Miller had originally predicted the second coming to happen in 1843. When that did didn't happen he blamed an error in his calculations. Previously he had only given a window of dates between which Jesus would return during. After several misfires he declared the 22nd to be the specific date. The following day became known as the Great Disappointment. - He should have just followed the Mayan calendar.
Today we celebrate the birthdays of:
1887 - John Reed - American journalist (d. 1920) - Big promoter of the Communist Utopia until he saw it in action.
1936 - Bobby Seale - Activist, co-founded the Black Panther Party. - Maybe he just wanted an excuse to wear a beret.
To learn more about the above topics check out the following books from the Library's collection.
Amazon Amazon Says:
For 13 days in October 1962, during the Cuban Missile Crisis, the US and the USSR came perilously close to nuclear war. President Kennedy said later the chances were "between more...
For 13 days in October 1962, during the Cuban Missile Crisis, the US and the USSR came perilously close to nuclear war. President Kennedy said later the chances were "between one-in-three and even." Although the confrontation is one of the most studied events of all time, the previous unavailability of classified material left many questions unanswered. This book is a product of the CIA's new openness. It contains many of the CIA's formerly top-secret cables, maps, memorandums, estimates and briefing papers, organized according to the date of the subject matter - the Cuban Missile Crisis. The book includes documents on Operation Mongoose, the CIA's clandestine programme to destabilize the Castro regime. less...
Amazon Amazon Says:
The first authoritative biography of Wernher von Braun, chief rocket engineer of the Third Reich—creator of the infamous V-2 rocket—who became one of the fathers of the U. more...
The first authoritative biography of Wernher von Braun, chief rocket engineer of the Third Reich—creator of the infamous V-2 rocket—who became one of the fathers of the U.S. space program. In this meticulously researched and vividly written life, Michael J. Neufeld gives us a man of profound moral complexities, glorified as a visionary and vilified as a war criminal, a man whose brilliance and charisma were coupled with an enormous and, some would say, blinding ambition. As one of the leading developers of rocket technology for the German army, von Braun yielded to pressure to join the Nazi Party in 1937 and reluctantly became an SS officer in 1940. During the war, he supervised work on the V-2s, which were assembled by starving slave laborers in a secret underground plant and then fired against London and Antwerp. Thousands of prisoners died—a fact he well knew and kept silent about for as long as possible. When the Allies overran Germany, von Braun and his team surrendered to the Americans. The U.S. Army immediately recognized his skills and brought him and his colleagues to America to work on the development of guided missiles, in a covert operation that became known as Project Paperclip. He helped launch the first American satellite in 1958 and headed NASA’s launch-vehicle development for the Apollo Moon landing. Handsome and likable, von Braun dedicated himself to selling the American public on interplanetary travel and became a household name in the 1950s, appearing on Disney TV shows and writing for popular magazines. But he never fully escaped his past, and in later years he faced increasing questions as his wartime actions slowly came to light. Based on new sources, Von Braun is a brilliantly nuanced portrait of a man caught between morality and progress, between his dreams of the heavens and the earthbound realities of his life. less...
Amazon Amazon Says:
Provides a wealth of up-to-date information and source lists for growing and buying fruits and nuts, including culinary tips, recipes, pest control, harvesting, storing, pre more...
Provides a wealth of up-to-date information and source lists for growing and buying fruits and nuts, including culinary tips, recipes, pest control, harvesting, storing, preserving, and creating organic by-products. 15,000 first printing. less...
Amazon Amazon Says:
For more than a century before airplanes, people explored the sky in balloons. From 1783 to the early 1900s, aeronauts flew into storms, crossed large bodies of water, sailed more...
For more than a century before airplanes, people explored the sky in balloons. From 1783 to the early 1900s, aeronauts flew into storms, crossed large bodies of water, sailed over enemy armies, and soared to deadly altitudes. Illustrated in full color with dramatuc period artwork, Sky Sailors by David L. Bristow presents the stories of the pioneers of human flight, such as daredevil Sophie Blanchard from Napoleon's France, and Salomon Andree, who lead an aerial assault on the North Pole in 1897. less...
Amazon Amazon Says:
Book by Fitzsimons, Raymund more...
Book by Fitzsimons, Raymund less...
Amazon Amazon Says:
A fascinating and timely biography of J. Edgar Hoover from a Sibert Medalist. "King, there is only one thing left for you to do. You know what it is. . . . You better more...
A fascinating and timely biography of J. Edgar Hoover from a Sibert Medalist. "King, there is only one thing left for you to do. You know what it is. . . . You better take it before your filthy, abnormal, fraudulent self is bared to the nation." Dr. Martin Luther King received this demand in an anonymous letter in 1964. He believed that the letter was telling him to commit suicide. Who wrote this anonymous letter? The FBI. And the man behind it all was J. Edgar Hoover, the FBI's first director. In this unsparing exploration of one of the most powerful Americans of the twentieth century, accomplished historian Marc Aronson unmasks the man behind the Bureau- his tangled family history and personal relationships; his own need for secrecy, deceit, and control; and the broad trends in American society that shaped his world. Hoover may have given America the security it wanted, but the secrets he knew gave him — and the Bureau — all the power he wanted. Using photographs, cartoons, movie posters, and FBI transcripts, Master of Deceit gives readers the necessary evidence to make their own conclusions. Here is a book about the twentieth century that blazes with questions and insights about our choices in the twenty-first. less...