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Courtesy of CIA

Today in History with a Twist: October 22, 2013

Nukes in Cuba!  1962 - President John F. Kennedy, after internal counsel from General and former President Dwight D. Eisenhower, announced that American reconnaissance planes have discovered Soviet nuclear weapons in Cuba, and that he had ordered a naval "quarantine" of the Communist nation beginning the Cuban Missile Crisis.  Tensions would bring the two superpowers closer to nuclear war than at any other time during the Cold War. - Khrushchev was just mad we didn't let him go to Disneyland.

     1946 - Operation Osoaviakhim begins. Thousands of German scientists and engineers are rounded up in The Soviet sector of occupied Germany and taken to Russia to work on Russia's space, nuclear and other weapons programs. This was similar to the American Operation Paperclip which brought ex-Nazi German scientists to the United States. - We had a better draft.

     Fittingly today is National Nut Day.  One can go a little bit batty contemplating the meaning of this day.  Our research came up empty on information about this day.  So, we can't be certain as to the meaning of this very nutty day.  There are two very obvious possibilities:  1. This day honors (???) all of the nutty people in the world. It gives recognition to all the kooks, loony birds and daffy people in your life.  Show them you care today.  2. This day celebrates nutritious and healthy nuts (food) of all kinds.  Celebrate today by eating lots of nuts, either as a snack, or in baked goods.  May we suggest Chocolate Almond Ice Cream?  Of course it is always possible that this day celebrates the "Nut" that screws onto a bolt for fastening things.  A couple of nutty facts:  Peanuts are not really nuts.  They are Legumes, a member of the "Pea" family. The center of seeds, like pumpkins and squash, is called a "nut". (http://holidayinsights.com/moreholidays/October/nationalnutday.htm)

On the Crime Beat:

     1934 - In East Liverpool, Ohio, Federal Bureau of Investigation agents shot and killed notorious bank robber Pretty Boy Floyd.  The FBI agents that gunned him down were led by South Carolinian Melvin Purvis. - Any surprise he hated that nickname?

Science and Innovation:

     1797 - One thousand meters (3,200 feet) above Paris, André-Jacques Garnerin makes the first recorded parachute jump. - Why jump out of a perfectly good balloon?

From the world of entertainment:

     1926 - J. Gordon Whitehead sucker punches magician Harry Houdini in the stomach in Montreal, precipitating his death.  One of Houdini's stunts during his performances was to allow people to punch him in the stomach and not flinch when they hit him.  Whitehead and a couple of his friends were visiting Houdini in his dressing room one day before a performance.  Whitehead asked Houdini if it were true he could withstand anyone's punches and Houdini answered that he could.  Before Houdini could prepare to take a punch  Whitehead delivered a series of punch to Houdini's abdomen.  Houdini was in serious pain but he went on with the night's show.  He put off going to hospital for two days but when he finally went it was found that he was suffering from acute appendicitis brought on by the punches.  He would be hospitalized and die on the 31st of peritonitis from the ruptured appendix. - Halloween, fitting day to die for a man who spent a good part of his life debunking Psychics and Mediums.

Religious news:

     1844 - In what was called The Great Anticipation, Millerites, followers of William Miller, anticipated this date to be the end of the world in conjunction with the Second Advent of Christ.  Miller had originally predicted the second coming to happen in 1843.  When that did didn't happen he blamed an error in his calculations.  Previously he had only given a window of dates between which Jesus would return during.  After several misfires he declared the 22nd to be the specific date.  The following day became known as the Great Disappointment. - He should have just followed the Mayan calendar.

Today we celebrate the birthdays of:

     1887 - John Reed - American journalist (d. 1920) - Big promoter of the Communist Utopia until he saw it in action.

     1936 - Bobby Seale - Activist, co-founded the Black Panther Party. - Maybe he just wanted an excuse to wear a beret.

To learn more about the above topics check out the following books from the Library's collection.

The Secret Cuban Missile Crisis Documents by Central Intelligence Agency
Amazon Says: For 13 days in October 1962, during the Cuban Missile Crisis, the US and the USSR came perilously close to nuclear war. President Kennedy said later the chances were "between more...
Amazon Says: For 13 days in October 1962, during the Cuban Missile Crisis, the US and the USSR came perilously close to nuclear war. President Kennedy said later the chances were "between one-in-three and even." Although the confrontation is one of the most studied events of all time, the previous unavailability of classified material left many questions unanswered. This book is a product of the CIA's new openness. It contains many of the CIA's formerly top-secret cables, maps, memorandums, estimates and briefing papers, organized according to the date of the subject matter - the Cuban Missile Crisis. The book includes documents on Operation Mongoose, the CIA's clandestine programme to destabilize the Castro regime. less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: The first authoritative biography of Wernher von Braun, chief rocket engineer of the Third Reich—creator of the infamous V-2 rocket—who became one of the fathers of the U. more...
Amazon Says: The first authoritative biography of Wernher von Braun, chief rocket engineer of the Third Reich—creator of the infamous V-2 rocket—who became one of the fathers of the U.S. space program. In this meticulously researched and vividly written life, Michael J. Neufeld gives us a man of profound moral complexities, glorified as a visionary and vilified as a war criminal, a man whose brilliance and charisma were coupled with an enormous and, some would say, blinding ambition. As one of the leading developers of rocket technology for the German army, von Braun yielded to pressure to join the Nazi Party in 1937 and reluctantly became an SS officer in 1940. During the war, he supervised work on the V-2s, which were assembled by starving slave laborers in a secret underground plant and then fired against London and Antwerp. Thousands of prisoners died—a fact he well knew and kept silent about for as long as possible. When the Allies overran Germany, von Braun and his team surrendered to the Americans. The U.S. Army immediately recognized his skills and brought him and his colleagues to America to work on the development of guided missiles, in a covert operation that became known as Project Paperclip. He helped launch the first American satellite in 1958 and headed NASA’s launch-vehicle development for the Apollo Moon landing. Handsome and likable, von Braun dedicated himself to selling the American public on interplanetary travel and became a household name in the 1950s, appearing on Disney TV shows and writing for popular magazines. But he never fully escaped his past, and in later years he faced increasing questions as his wartime actions slowly came to light. Based on new sources, Von Braun is a brilliantly nuanced portrait of a man caught between morality and progress, between his dreams of the heavens and the earthbound realities of his life. less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: Provides a wealth of up-to-date information and source lists for growing and buying fruits and nuts, including culinary tips, recipes, pest control, harvesting, storing, pre more...
Amazon Says: Provides a wealth of up-to-date information and source lists for growing and buying fruits and nuts, including culinary tips, recipes, pest control, harvesting, storing, preserving, and creating organic by-products. 15,000 first printing. less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: "This engaging biography exactly and vividly catches the tone of a region, a time, and a man."—Larry McMurtry From the best-selling author of Billy the Kid and Route 66, a t more...
Amazon Says: "This engaging biography exactly and vividly catches the tone of a region, a time, and a man."—Larry McMurtry From the best-selling author of Billy the Kid and Route 66, a true-life story of a notorious outlaw that magnificently re-creates the vanished, impoverished world of Dust Bowl America. Michael Wallis evokes the hard times of the era as he follows the life of Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd from his coming of age, when there were no jobs and no food, to his descent into a life of petty crime, bootlegging, murder, and prison. Before long he was one of the FBI's original "public enemies." After a series of spectacular bank robberies he was slain in an Ohio field in 1934 at the age of thirty. Pretty Boy is social history at its best, portraying, with a sweeping style, the larger story of the hardscrabble farmers whose lives were so intolerably shattered by the Depression. 62 black-and-white illustrations less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: For more than a century before airplanes, people explored the sky in balloons. From 1783 to the early 1900s, aeronauts flew into storms, crossed large bodies of water, sailed more...
Amazon Says: For more than a century before airplanes, people explored the sky in balloons. From 1783 to the early 1900s, aeronauts flew into storms, crossed large bodies of water, sailed over enemy armies, and soared to deadly altitudes. Illustrated in full color with dramatuc period artwork, Sky Sailors by David L. Bristow presents the stories of the pioneers of human flight, such as daredevil Sophie Blanchard from Napoleon's France, and Salomon Andree, who lead an aerial assault on the North Pole in 1897. less...
Amazon
Amazon Says: Book by Fitzsimons, Raymund more...
Amazon Says: Book by Fitzsimons, Raymund less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: From the author of The Real History Behind the Templars--the origins and stories behind end-of-the-world predictions throughout history, from Revelations to 2012. I more...
Amazon Says: From the author of The Real History Behind the Templars--the origins and stories behind end-of-the-world predictions throughout history, from Revelations to 2012. In entertaining and sharp prose, historian Sharan Newman explores theories of world destruction from ancient times up to the present day- theories which reveal as much about human nature as they do about the predominant historical, scientific, and religious beliefs of the time. Readers will find answers to the following end-of-times questions: ?Did the Mayans really say the world will end in December 2012? ?How have the signs in the New Testament Book of Revelations been interpreted over the years? ?How did ancient Egyptians, Norse, and Chinese think the world would end? ?When did Nostradamus predict that the last days would come? ?Does the I Ching reference 2012? ?Why didn't the world end in Y2K? ?Are meteors, global warming, super-volcanoes, and the threat of nuclear war signs that the end is near? less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: A fascinating and timely biography of J. Edgar Hoover from a Sibert Medalist. "King, there is only one thing left for you to do. You know what it is. . . . You better more...
Amazon Says: A fascinating and timely biography of J. Edgar Hoover from a Sibert Medalist. "King, there is only one thing left for you to do. You know what it is. . . . You better take it before your filthy, abnormal, fraudulent self is bared to the nation." Dr. Martin Luther King received this demand in an anonymous letter in 1964. He believed that the letter was telling him to commit suicide. Who wrote this anonymous letter? The FBI. And the man behind it all was J. Edgar Hoover, the FBI's first director. In this unsparing exploration of one of the most powerful Americans of the twentieth century, accomplished historian Marc Aronson unmasks the man behind the Bureau- his tangled family history and personal relationships; his own need for secrecy, deceit, and control; and the broad trends in American society that shaped his world. Hoover may have given America the security it wanted, but the secrets he knew gave him — and the Bureau — all the power he wanted. Using photographs, cartoons, movie posters, and FBI transcripts, Master of Deceit gives readers the necessary evidence to make their own conclusions. Here is a book about the twentieth century that blazes with questions and insights about our choices in the twenty-first. less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: Not authorized to ship to prison. Brand new solid condition more...
Amazon Says: Not authorized to ship to prison. Brand new solid condition less...
Amazon
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