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Today in History with a Twist: September 26, 2013

Rebellion!

 

     1786 - Protestors shut down the court in Springfield, Massachusetts in a military standoff that begins Shays' Rebellion.  The rebellion was an armed uprising that took place in central and western Massachusetts in 1786 and 1787.  The unrest began on August 29, 1786, precipitated by financial difficulties brought about by a post-war economic depression, a credit squeeze caused by a lack of hard currency, and fiscally harsh government policies instituted in 1785 to solve the state's debt problems.  Protesters, including many war veterans, shut down county courts in the later months of 1786 to stop the judicial hearings for tax and debt collection.  The protesters became radicalized against the state government following the arrests of some of their leaders, and began to organize an armed force.  The rebellion took place in a political climate where reform of the country's governing document, the Articles of Confederation, was widely seen as necessary.  The events of the rebellion are widely seen to have affected the debates on the shape of the new government.  The exact nature and consequence of the rebellion's influence on the content of the Constitution and the ratification debates continues to be a subject of historical discussion and debate. - Seems like the debate over the original issues is still going on.

      One American who was trying to spread a little cheer at the time was Johnny Appleseed.  Today we honor him with Johnny Appleseed Day, one of America's great legends.  Johnny Appleseed was a real person.  John Chapman was among the American settlers who were captivated by the movement west across the continent.  As Johnny Appleseed travelled west, he planted apple trees along the way, and sold trees to settlers.  With every apple tree that was planted, the legend grew.  A Little About the Legend: John Chapman (aka Johnny Appleseed) was born on September 26, 1774.  He was a nurseryman who started out planting trees in western New York and Pennsylvania.  During the life of John Chapman, the "West" was places like Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, and Illinois.  John Chapman was a deeply religious person he was known to preach during his travels.  According to legend, Johny Appleseed led a simple life and wanted little.  He rarely accepted money and often donated any money he received.  It is believed that he died on March 11, 1845, from what was referred to as the "winter plague".  The actual date of his death has been disputed.  There is a lot of "legend" in stories written about Johny Appleseed.  By it's definition, over the years, legends grow bigger than life.  It also appears that there is some link between Johny Appleseed and very early Arbor Day celebrations. (http://holidayinsights.com/moreholidays/March/appleseedday.htm)

     1789 - Thomas Jefferson is appointed the first United States Secretary of State, John Jay is appointed the first Chief Justice of the United States, Samuel Osgood is appointed the first United States Postmaster General, and Edmund Randolph is appointed the first United States Attorney General. - Get to try out that new Government operating system, the Constitution, that they just put in place.

     1687 - The city council of Amsterdam votes to support William of Orange's invasion of England, which became the Glorious Revolution (the overthrow of King James II of England (James VII of Scotland and James II of Ireland) by a union of English Parliamentarians with the Dutch stadtholder William III of Orange-Nassau (William of Orange). William's successful invasion of England with a Dutch fleet and army led to his ascending of the English throne as William III of England jointly with his wife Mary II of England.) - A city council had to authorized the invasion of England, wonder if they had a strong mayor?

     1917 - The Battle of Polygon Wood begins, the battle took place during the second phase of the Third battle of Ypres and was fought near Ypres in Belgium.  The objective was to take the high ground above the main German supply route. - Sounds more like a chapter out of a Harry Potter book.

     1918 - The Meuse-Argonne Offensive, the bloodiest single battle in American history, begins.  The Americans suffered 117,000 casualties in the battle.  Many believe the battle was the decisive point in the defeat of Germany in World War I; Hindenburg himself has said this, though he may have just been trying to take the glory away from the French and English. - As much as it cost it had to have meant something.

     1933 - As gangster Machine Gun Kelly surrenders to the FBI, he shouts out, "Don’t shoot, G-Men!", which becomes a nickname for FBI agents.  He himself is probably most remembered for his nickname more than anything else; except for a kidnapping in Kansas City he did not participate in any high profile crimes.  He was so meek and mild mannered in prison the other prisoners named him Popgun Kelly. - So that's the secret, I'll have to come up with a cool nickname for myself.

     1908 - Ed Reulbach of the Chicago Cubs becomes the first and only pitcher to throw two shutouts in one day against the Brooklyn Dodgers. - No pitch count in those days.

Today we celebrate the birthdays of:

     1849 - Ivan Pavlov - Russian physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1936) - Sad that despite all that he did for the field of Psychology his dog is more famous than he is.

     1888 - T. S. Eliot - American-English publisher, playwright, and critic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1965) - Someone who takes up so much shelf space here needs to be listed.

To learn more about the above topics check out the following books from the Library's collection:


Amazon Says: The complete story of the American Constitution, told in the words of those who created it.   Pulitzer Prize–winning historian Michael Kammen has gathered together the fu more...
Amazon Says: The complete story of the American Constitution, told in the words of those who created it.   Pulitzer Prize–winning historian Michael Kammen has gathered together the fundamental documents needed to understand the genesis and evolution of the United States Constitution—from the exploratory notions concerning the nature of constitutions in 1776, the Articles of Confederation in 1777, and various constitutional plans proposed at the Philadelphia Convention in 1787, to the advocacy position of “Publius” in the 21 most important Federalist papers and contrasting views offered by leading Anti-Federalist dissenters.   Kammen also includes private correspondence that passed between prominent founders during the crucial years 1787 to 1789 (58 revealing letters), along with the Judiciary Act of 1789 and the Bill of Rights, which completed the basic structure of government and provided essential security for its citizens.   Taken together, these are the great state papers that illuminate America’s brilliant and unique contribution to the history of political thought and democratic values. less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: A companion book to a Library of Congress bicentennial exhibition, with an introduction by Garry Wills; a narrative with more than 150 illustrations, two thirds in color and e more...
Amazon Says: A companion book to a Library of Congress bicentennial exhibition, with an introduction by Garry Wills; a narrative with more than 150 illustrations, two thirds in color and essays by scholars on Jefferson's life and thought April 2000 will launch a panoply of events celebrating the Library of Congress's 200th anniversary, the star of which will be the exhibition Thomas Jefferson: Genius of Liberty. Featuring more than 150 valuable and historic items and a rare public display of the Jefferson library that is the nucleus of the Library's collections, both the exhibition and its companion book will seek out the complex character, ideals, and motivations behind the mythic founding achievements of this brilliant son of the Enlightenment. The book's lively narrative, illuminated by Jefferson's own words, weaves back and forth between the public career--delegate to the Continental Congress, author of the Declaration of Independence and other calls to liberty, governor of Virginia, two-term president--and his life at his beloved plantation and house, Monticello. Commentaries on manuscripts explore the conflicts between his public ideals, political realities, and his private life, including the recent controversial evidence of a long liaison with his slave Sally Hemings. From his worldview to his family relationships, Thomas Jefferson provides a new and intimate sense of the man historians have only recently begun to extricate from the lofty abstractions that have born his name. The Scholars: ( Garry Wills's Lincoln at Gettysburg won a Pulitzer Prize and the National Book Critics Circle Award. ( Joseph J. Ellis is the author of the National Book Award-winning American Sphinx: The Character of Thomas Jefferson; ( Annette Gordon-Reed of Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings: An American Controversy; ( Pauline Maier of American Scripture: Making the Declaration of Independence; ( Charles A. Miller of Jefferson and Nature: An Interpretation; Peter S. Onuf was the editor of Jeffersonian Legacies. less...
Amazon

Amazon Says: - Chronicles the lives and important contributions of great scientists - Hands-on activities provide a deeper understanding of the scientists's work - Over-100 page biographie more...
Amazon Says: - Chronicles the lives and important contributions of great scientists - Hands-on activities provide a deeper understanding of the scientists's work - Over-100 page biographies are excellent for book reports - Supports the History/Social Studies and English/Language Arts curricula less...
Amazon
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