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Today in History with a Twist: August 26,

Number of Voters Doubles!

     It is now official (1920);  The 19th amendment to United States Constitution, giving women the right to vote, takes effect today.  This effectively doubles the number of eligible voters, does this mean politicians will have to work twice as hard?

     They might not understand the importance of today but give them a treat anyway.  Today is National Dog Day! Dogs have been “man’s best friend” for over 15,000 years.  We rely on our wonderful canine companions to keep us safe, bring us comfort, and love us unconditionally.  National Dog Day is our opportunity to show our deep appreciation for these remarkable animals and to find homes for all of the dogs in need of a loving family. (Punchbowl.com)

      Major proclamation in France (1789) where the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen has been approved by the National Constituent Assembly of France.  The document outlines the basic rights of all men.  They're still reluctant give women the right to vote though. 

      Major set back for the Byzantine Empire (1071) with its Army being defeated by the Seljuk Turks at the Battle of Manzikert.  The victory allowed the Turks to take control of a large portion of Anatolia.  The Byzantine Army, made up of mainly mercenaries, started the battle twice the size of the Turks but about half of the Army deserted before the battle began.  Should have went for quality over quantity.

     In the on going war between France and England (Hundred Years' War) England has gained the advantage with their victory at the Battle of Crécy (1346).  Despite being outnumbered two to one, the English use of effective combined arms tactics and the technological edge provided by their longbow gave them a decisive victory over the French combination of crossbow and armored knights.  Maybe we can get a quick end to this war.

     Russia has launched (1999) its second war in Chechnya in this decade, the first was in 1994-6.  The move is in response to the Invasion of Chechen region Dagestan by the Islamic International Peacekeeping Brigade.  The invasion was to try and gain the independence of Dagestan from the pro-Russian Chechen government.  Talk about a misnomer!

      It has been rumbling all summer (1883) but the big blast came today with the eruption of Krakatoa reaching its final, paroxysmal, stage.  Most of the island was destroyed and at least 36,417 deaths are being attributed to the eruption itself and the tsunamis it created.  And it is WEST of Java.

Today we celebrate the birthdays of:

      1882 - James Franck - German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate nuclear physics.  Being Jewish was forced to flee to the United States before the war (d. 1964) - Intesting fact: When Nazi Germany invaded Denmark in World War II, the Hungarian chemist George de Hevesy dissolved the gold Nobel Prizes of Max von Laue and James Franck in aqua regia to prevent the Nazis from stealing them.  He placed the resulting solution on a shelf in his laboratory at the Niels Bohr Institute.  After the war, he returned to find the solution undisturbed and precipitated the gold out of the acid.  The Nobel Society then recast the Nobel Prizes using the original gold. - Classic.

     1910 - Mother Teresa - Macedonian-Indian missionary, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1997)

To learn more about the above topics check out the following books in our collection:


Amazon Says: The process of securing the right to vote for women was an important phase in feminism. Suffrage was first proposed as a part of a general declaration of the rights of women s more...
Amazon Says: The process of securing the right to vote for women was an important phase in feminism. Suffrage was first proposed as a part of a general declaration of the rights of women signed at Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848. Chapters in this anthology discuss the roots of the movement, its tactics and disagreements, opposition to the suffragists, and the impact of the Nineteenth Amendment on American society. less...
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Dogs Ultimate Care Guide by Matthew Hoffman
Amazon Says: hardcover more...
Amazon Says: hardcover less...
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Amazon Says: In this book, the distinguished writer Edward Luttwak presents the grand strategy of the eastern Roman empire we know as Byzantine, which lasted more than twice as long as th more...
Amazon Says: In this book, the distinguished writer Edward Luttwak presents the grand strategy of the eastern Roman empire we know as Byzantine, which lasted more than twice as long as the more familiar western Roman empire, eight hundred years by the shortest definition. This extraordinary endurance is all the more remarkable because the Byzantine empire was favored neither by geography nor by military preponderance. Yet it was the western empire that dissolved during the fifth century. The Byzantine empire so greatly outlasted its western counterpart because its rulers were able to adapt strategically to diminished circumstances, by devising new ways of coping with successive enemies. It relied less on military strength and more on persuasion—to recruit allies, dissuade threatening neighbors, and manipulate potential enemies into attacking one another instead. Even when the Byzantines fought—which they often did with great skill—they were less inclined to destroy their enemies than to contain them, for they were aware that today’s enemies could be tomorrow’s allies. Born in the fifth century when the formidable threat of Attila’s Huns were deflected with a minimum of force, Byzantine strategy continued to be refined over the centuries, incidentally leaving for us several fascinating guidebooks to statecraft and war. The Grand Strategy of the Byzantine Empire is a broad, interpretive account of Byzantine strategy, intelligence, and diplomacy over the course of eight centuries that will appeal to scholars, classicists, military history buffs, and professional soldiers. less...
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Amazon Says: With additional contributions from Françoise Autrand, Christophe Piel, Michael Prestwich, and Bertrand Schnerb. On the evening of 26 August 1346, the greatest military pow more...
Amazon Says: With additional contributions from Françoise Autrand, Christophe Piel, Michael Prestwich, and Bertrand Schnerb. On the evening of 26 August 1346, the greatest military power in Christendom, the French royal army with Philip VI at its head, was defeated by an expeditionary force from England under the command of Edward III. A momentous event that sent shock waves across Europe, the battle of Crécy marked a turning point in the English king's struggle with his Valois adversary. While the French suffered humiliation and crippling casualties, compounded by the consequential loss of Calais a year later, the self-confidence and military reputation of the English - from their king down to the lowliest of archers - soared. Well over half a century before Agincourt, the English had emerged as the most respected fighting force in Europe. This book assesses the significance of Crécy, and offers new interpretations of both the battle itself and the campaign that preceded it. It includes the latest research on the composition and organisation of the English and French armies, a penetrating analysis of the narrative sources and a revealing re-appraisal of the battlefield. It concludes with a fresh look at the role of the archer in Edward III's victory. Dr ANDREW AYTON is senior lecturer in history at the University of Hull; Sir PHILIP PRESTON is an independent scholar, and founding secretary of the Battle of Crécy Trust. less...
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Dagestan by Edward Beliaev
Amazon Says: Book by Beliaev, Edward, Buranbaeva, Oksana more...
Amazon Says: Book by Beliaev, Edward, Buranbaeva, Oksana less...
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Amazon Says: The bestselling author of The Professor and the Madman and The Map That Changed the World examines the enduring and world-changing effects of the catastrophic eruption off th more...
Amazon Says: The bestselling author of The Professor and the Madman and The Map That Changed the World examines the enduring and world-changing effects of the catastrophic eruption off the coast of Java of the earth's most dangerous volcano -- Krakatoa. The legendary annihilation in 1883 of the volcano-island of Krakatoa -- the name has since become a byword for a cataclysmic disaster -- was followed by an immense tsunami that killed nearly forty thousand people. Beyond the purely physical horrors of an event that has only very recently been properly understood, the eruption changed the world in more ways than could possibly be imagined. Dust swirled round die planet for years, causing temperatures to plummet and sunsets to turn vivid with lurid and unsettling displays of light. The effects of the immense waves were felt as far away as France. Barometers in Bogotá and Washington, D.C., went haywire. Bodies were washed up in Zanzibar. The sound of the island's destruction was heard in Australia and India and on islands thousands of miles away. Most significant of all -- in view of today's new political climate -- the eruption helped to trigger in Java a wave of murderous anti-Western militancy among fundamentalist Muslims: one of the first outbreaks of Islamic-inspired killings anywhere. Simon Winchester's long experience in the world wandering as well as his knowledge of history and geology give us an entirely new perspective on this fascinating and iconic event as he brings it telling back to life. less...
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Amazon Says: For the student or researcher looking for information about Nobel Prize winners, "The Who's Who of Nobel Prize Winners 1901-1995" is the most up-to-date resource available. Th more...
Amazon Says: For the student or researcher looking for information about Nobel Prize winners, "The Who's Who of Nobel Prize Winners 1901-1995" is the most up-to-date resource available. This edition offers essential biographical and professional information on every Nobel Laureate through 1995. Formatted for easy use, the book lists the Laureates chronologically by discipline (ie. chemistry, economics, literature, medicine and physiology, peace, and physics). Each entry contains 15 fields of information: prize won, birth date, death date (if applicable), parents, nationality, education, spouse, children, career, other awards won, selected publications by the Laureate, a list of sources that contain more information about the Laureate, and a commentary written by the editors, describing the Nobel Foundation's reasons for granting the award. Four indexes allow easy searching by name, education, nationality or citizenship, and religion. less...
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Mother Teresa by Anne Sebba
Amazon Says: Mother Teresa of Calcutta--no figure alive today has received the adulation that she has, and she is frequently cited as the living embodiment of Christian kindness. Recipient more...
Amazon Says: Mother Teresa of Calcutta--no figure alive today has received the adulation that she has, and she is frequently cited as the living embodiment of Christian kindness. Recipient of numerous humanitarian awards, including the Nobel Peace Prize, she had been characterized as a living saint and commands unrivaled international attention, even at the highest levels. Yet the respect she has received has not been unanimous, and since 1990 serious criticisms have been directed at this modern icon, who had once seemed beyond reproach. In this fascinating biography Anne Sebba reveals the truth behind Mother Teresa and her Missionaries of Charity. She considers her attitudes toward abortion (women who have had abortions are hailed as murderers), rape (women who have been raped are given no help in terminating their pregnancy), her association with dictators such as the Duvaliers in Haiti, her medical negligence (inadequate use of painkillers, reuse of unsterilized needles), her ethics (she accepted hundreds of thousands of stolen dollars from S&L financier Charles Keating). Alongside these unflattering aspects, this work also considers the highlights of her dedication to the sick, dying and destitute, and looks at the motivation that drives Mother Teresa. Hers is an extraordinary life, full of paradox. She has enormous courage, love and determination, and her work poses some of the most profound questions of our age. less...
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