From December 1901 to May 1902, the City of Charleston, South Carolina, hosted the only world's fair ever held on Palmetto State soil. Officially known as the South Carolina Interstate and West Indian Exposition, or more commonly as the Charleston Exposition, the event was eagerly anticipated by Charlestonians in hopes that it would boost business ad industry. Even an unusually cold winter could not deter the 675,000 people who visited this landmark celebration in South Carolina history. With the arrival of the Exposition's 100th anniversary, a renewed interest has been sparked in the story that surrounds it. People from all over the country flocked to the Charleston Exposition to tour the detailed building erected in what is now known as Hampton Park. Appearances from President Theodore Roosevelt and author Samuel Clemens; shows with Jim Key, the famous intelligent horse; and the display of the Liberty Bell, on loan from Philadelphia, were just a few of the highlights that enticed visitors to come to South Carolina's Lowcountry. Readers of The Charleston Exposition will experience this almost forgotten event, from its conception, through its planning and construction, to the fair's arrival and completion.