Author:Higginbotham, A. Leon (Aloyisus Leon), 1928-
Summary:Book covers race and the American legal process, the Black experience in Colonial America and the English experience with slavery.
Title:In the matter of color : the colonial period / A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr.
Publisher, Date:New York : Oxford University Press, 1978.
Description:xxiii, 512 p.,  leaves of plates : ill. ; 24 cm.
Series:Race and the American legal process ; [v. 1]
Series:Higginbotham, A. Leon (Aloyisus Leon), 1928- Race and the American legal process ; v. 1.
Subjects:African Americans -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- History.
Notes:Includes bibliographical references (p. 397-403) and index.
Contents:Pt. 1. Race and the American legal process. 1. Introduction. -- pt. 2. The black experience in Colonial America. 2. Virginia: the leader. The beginning ; The early cases ; The fear of an alliance among white indentured servants, Indians and blacks ; the special treatment of Indians ; Codification of prejudice: the early legislative experience ; Christianity: meaningful for whites but irrelevant for blacks ; White male domination and interracial sexual relations ; Manumission and emancipation ; Creditor and estate rights in slaves: were slaves like horses and dogs or like real estate? ; Rights of servants ; Nonrights of slaves and blacks ; Virginia: an evaluation -- 3. Massachusetts: slaves and the Pilgrims. Participation in the international slave trade ; Enslavement as punishment for crime ; The special brand of Indian enslavement ; Black slavery in New England ; Changing legal concepts of blacks ; Black codes in Massachusetts ; Movement for abolition ; Efforts to enact a Constitution ; Quock Walker: Did it abolish slavery in Massachusetts? ; Massachusetts: an evaluation -- 4. New York: from half-freedom to slavery, The New Netherlands experience ; the Dutch settlers: humane masters? ; The half-freedom status ; The ordinances and judicial rulings of New Netherland ; The early New York experience ; Statutory recognition of slavery under English rule ; Procedural rights of slaves and blacks ; Blacks as defendants ; The relevance of religion ; Manumission in New York ; Slave revolts and legislative reactions ; Revolutionary War and the impetus toward abolition ; Blacks in New York after the war ; The emancipation statute ; New York: an evaluation -- 5. South Carolina: white minority/black majority. Introduction ; The decline of indentured servitude for whites and the escalation of slavery for blacks ; White bondage in Colonial South Carolina ; Indian slavery ; Black slavery: "When I have land, what shall I doe with it?" ; The early Colonial period ; The later Colonial period: predominance of a rice economy ; Legislative enforcement of racial slavery ; Early legislation, 1690-1739 ; The limitation of slaves' liberties ; The pass system ; Trading ; Property held by slaves ; Hiring out ; Manumission ; The runaway slave ; Tensions in dealing with criminal slaves ; The magistrate's court ; Criminal offenses and penalties ; Detection of criminal offenses ; Compensation and incentives to enforce criminal penalties ; Slave assaults ; Protection of the slave ; Legislative efforts to raise revenue and restrict the black population ; Slave resistance: the Stono Rebellion of 1739 ; The 1740 code and subsequent slave legislation ; The 1740 slave code: to be kept in due subjection and obedience ; The 1751 slave legislation ; Christianity and slavery ; Free blacks in Colonial South Carolina ; Number and origin of free blacks ; Legal status of free blacks ; The judicial system and slavery ; General conditions of slaves during the Colonial period ; The practice of dealing with slaves as chattel property ; The court's protection of white servants ; South Carolina: an evaluation -- 6. Georgia: from antislavery to slavery. The importance of Georgia ; Was Georgia founded with humanitarian motives toward blacks? ; Origins of the antislavery law: the Georgia Charter ; The goals of Georgia ; The 1735 antislavery law ; The decision to ban slavery: a process of amoral decision-making ; Provisions of the antislavery law ; Lackadaisical enforcement of the 1735 antislavery law ; Judicial antagonism to the prohibition of slavery: a study in judicial activism against blacks ; Judicial disregard of explicit provisions of the 1735 law ; Slavery during the antislavery period ; The failure of the indentured servant system ; The growing political opposition to slavery ; The burden of competition ; The introduction of slavery: the 1750 slavery law ; Restraints of the 1750 law ; The slave codes of Georgia ; The 1755 slave code ; Protection of the slave's life under