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Pen and Ink Witchcraft

Treaties And Treaty Making In American Indian History

By Colin G. (Colin Gordon) Calloway, 1953-

Indian peoples made some four hundred treaties with the United States between the American Revolution and 1871, when Congress prohibited them. They signed nine treaties with the Confederacy, as well as countless others over the centuries with Spain, France, Britain, Mexico, the Republic of Texas, Canada, and even Russia, not to mention individual colonies and states. In retrospect, the treaties seem like well-ordered steps on the path of dispossession and empire. The reality was far more complicated.
In Pen and Ink Witchcraft, eminent Native American historian Colin G. Calloway narrates the history of diplomacy between North American Indians and their imperial adversaries, particularly the United States. Treaties were cultural encounters and human dramas, each with its cast of characters and conflicting agendas. Many treaties, he notes, involved not land, but trade, friendship, and the resolution of disputes. Far from all being one-sided, they were negotiated on the Indians' cultural and geographical terrain. When the Mohawks welcomed Dutch traders in the early 1600s, they sealed a treaty of friendship with a wampum belt with parallel rows of purple beads, representing the parties traveling side-by-side, as equals, on the same river. But the American republic increasingly turned treaty-making into a tool of encroachment on Indian territory. Calloway traces this process by focusing on the treaties of Fort Stanwix (1768), New Echota (1835), and Medicine Lodge (1867), in addition to such events as the Peace of Montreal in 1701 and the treaties of Fort Laramie (1851 and 1868). His analysis demonstrates that native leaders were hardly dupes. The records of negotiations, he writes, show that "Indians frequently matched their colonizing counterparts in diplomatic savvy and tried, literally, to hold their ground."
Each treaty has its own story, Calloway writes, but together they tell a rich and complicated tale of moments in American history when civilizations collided.

Format

Book

Availability

1 available at Main (Downtown)
  • 346.73013 Cal, Nonfiction

Publish Date

2013

ISBN

9780199917303


Format: Book
Author: Calloway, Colin G. (Colin Gordon), 1953-
Title: Pen and ink witchcraft : treaties and treaty making in American Indian history / Colin G. Calloway.
Publisher Date: New York, NY : Oxford University Press, ©2013.
Subject: Indians of North America -- Treaties
Isbn: 9780199917303 (alk. paper) 0199917302 (alk. paper)
Current Holds: 0
System Items Available: 1
System Items Total: 1
Call Number: 346.73013 Cal
Oclc: 812070127
Upc:
Bib Id: 434009

Format: Book
Author: Calloway, Colin G. (Colin Gordon), 1953-
Title: Pen and ink witchcraft : treaties and treaty making in American Indian history / Colin G. Calloway.
Publisher, Date: New York, NY : Oxford University Press, ©2013.
Description: xii, 377 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm
Subjects: Indians of North America -- Treaties
Notes: Includes bibliographical references (pages [335]-350) and index.
Contents: Treaty making in colonial America : the many languages of Indian diplomacy -- Fort Stanwix, 1768 : shifting boundaries -- Treaty making, American-style -- New Echota, 1835 : implementing removal -- Treaty making in the West -- Medicine lodge, 1867 : containment on the plains -- The death and rebirth of Indian treaties -- Appendix: the treaties.
LCCN: 2012045536
ISBN: 9780199917303 (alk. paper)
ISBN: 0199917302 (alk. paper)
Requests: 0
Available Copies: 1
Total Copies: 1
Call Number: 346.73013 Cal