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Today in History with a Twist: November 13, 2013

Boycott Over!

     1956 - The Montgomery Bus Boycott comes to an end when the Supreme Court declares that Alabama laws requiring segregated buses to be illegal.  The boycott began on December 1, 1955, when Rosa Parks, an African American woman, was arrested for refusing to surrender her seat to a white person.  The law officially went into effect on December 20, 1956.

     Hey girls, it's Sadie Hawkins Day.  This is a holiday that originated from a cartoon. It all began in Al Capp's "Lil Abner Cartoon in the 1930's.  In the cartoon series, the mayor of Dogpatch was desperate to marry off his ugly daughter.  So he created Sadie Hawkin's Day.  On this day, a race is held and all the single men were given a short head start.  Then, all the single women, including the mayor's daughter, chased the boys.  If a girl catches her man, he had to marry her.  Sadie Hawkins Day races and events grew in popularity during the course of All Capp's long running cartoon.  This cartoon made holiday largely died out after 40 years when the cartoon was discontinued.  It can occasionally be seen celebrated on college campuses. (Cute Calendar)

     1985 - 23,000 people in Armero, Colombia are killed when the volcano Nevado del Ruiz erupts and melts a glacier, causing a lahar (volcanic mudslide) that buries the town. - A modern day Pompeii?

     1002 - The St. Brice's Day massacre occurs when English king Æthelred II orders the killing of all Danes (Vikings) in England.  The Danes had been raiding England for years and some had stayed and settled in England.  They became a threat to Æthelred's rule and had threatened to kill him and his family.  The move would backfire when, probably in retaliation, the Danes, led by King Canute, would invade and conquer England. - What goes around comes around.

     1942 - U.S. and Japanese ships engage in an intense, close-quarters surface naval engagement during the Battle of Guadalcanal.  Though both sides lost roughly the same amount of ships, this was a strategic victory for the Americans and a major turning point in the war. - Didn't take long to bounce back after Pearl Harbor.

     1947 - The Soviet Union completes development of the AK-47, one of the first proper assault rifles.  This easy to operate and maintain weapon, symbol of many revolutionaries, was designed by Mikhail Kalashnikov.  He denies that he based his design on the German StG 44 used in World War II. - Yea, right!

     1982 - The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C. after a march to its site by thousands of Vietnam War veterans. - Amazing how a plain black wall with some names on it can be so moving.

Today's birthday's:

     1814 - Joseph Hooker- Union General (d. 1879) - What does it say about his military prowess when he is best remembered for the name he gave to a certain class of female 'professionals'?

     1833 - Edwin Booth - Actor (d. 1893) - Famous 19th-century American actor who toured throughout America and the major capitals of Europe, performing Shakespearean plays.  In 1869 he founded Booth's Theatre in New York, a spectacular theatre that was quite modern for its time.  Some theatrical historians consider him the greatest American actor, and the greatest Hamlet, of the 19th century.  However, his achievements are often overshadowed by the actions of his brother, John Wilkes Booth. - Little brother gets all the attention.

     1850 - Robert Louis Stevenson - Scottish author and poet (d. 1894) - Father of 'talk like a pirate day'?

To learn more about the above items check out the following books from the Library's collection:


The Civil Rights Movement by Sanford Wexler
Amazon Says: Eyewitness History is an interdisciplinary and multicultural series that reveals how significant events were seen and interpreted by people from all levels of society. Excerpt more...
Amazon Says: Eyewitness History is an interdisciplinary and multicultural series that reveals how significant events were seen and interpreted by people from all levels of society. Excerpts from primary sources -- memoirs, diaries, letters, newspapers, speeches, advertisements, and more -- provide a wide range of viewpoints and enhance a compelling narrative, prompting students to develop the critical-thinking skills that allow them to construct their own opinions about the people and their times.A Complete PerspectiveEach volume is a comprehensive and self-contained reference work that features: -- Hundreds of eyewitness accounts that bring history to life -- Essays starting each chapter, that provide historical context and that highlight major events and attitudes of the period -- Chronologies that provide a detailed historical perspective -- Contemporary illustrations and photographs -- Excerpts from relevant documents of the day -- Brief biographies of key individuals, personalizing historic eventsSome volumes also contain maps and graphs that provide visual context, helping students gain a richer understanding of historical events.A Rich Mosaic of Eyewitness Accounts from Past ErasExcellent for students and general readers, the Eyewitness History series deepens readers' understanding.From the origins of the struggle after the Civil War to its present-day legacy, The Civil Rights Movement covers the full course of this essentially American phenomenon, collecting the words and thoughts of those who lived through the desegregation of schools, the bus boycotts, the sit-ins, the freedom rides, and the death of Martin Luther King, Jr. less...
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Amazon Says: The greatest comic strip ever has now been reprinted in this unique volume of Li'l Abner. The entire 43-year run, beginning with the 1934 dailies has been printed from sharp s more...
Amazon Says: The greatest comic strip ever has now been reprinted in this unique volume of Li'l Abner. The entire 43-year run, beginning with the 1934 dailies has been printed from sharp syndicate proofs and original art. less...
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Amazon Says: Book by McCann, Janice, Shand, Betsy more...
Amazon Says: Book by McCann, Janice, Shand, Betsy less...
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Amazon Says: Æthelred became king of England in 978, following the murder of his brother Edward the Martyr (possibly at the instigation of their mother) at Corfe. On his own death in Apri more...
Amazon Says: Æthelred became king of England in 978, following the murder of his brother Edward the Martyr (possibly at the instigation of their mother) at Corfe. On his own death in April 1016, his son Edmund Ironside succeeded him and fought the invading Danes bravely, but died in November of the same year after being defeated at the battle of Assandun, leading to the House of Wessex being replaced by a Danish king, Cnut. Æthelred, in constrast to his predecessor and successor, reigned (except for a few months in 1013-14), largely unchallenged for thirty-eight years, despite presiding over a period which saw many Danish invasions and much internal strife. If not a great king, he was certainly a survivor whose posthumous reputation and nickname (meaning 'Noble Council the No Council') do him little justice. In Æthelred the Unready Ann Williams, a leading scholar on his reign, discounts the later rumours and misinterpretations that have dogged his reputation to construct a record of his reign from contemporary sources. less...
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Amazon Says: Eric Hammel. It was a Japanese victory-but it spelled the end for Japan in the war at sea. In Carrier Strike, critically acclaimed military historian Eric Hammel gives a blow- more...
Amazon Says: Eric Hammel. It was a Japanese victory-but it spelled the end for Japan in the war at sea. In Carrier Strike, critically acclaimed military historian Eric Hammel gives a blow-by-blow, edge-of-your-seat account of this crucial naval battle-a turning point in the bitter Guadalcanal Campaign. Drawing on American and Japanese battle reports and the recollections of aviators and seamen who were there, Hammel recreates World War II's fourth - and last - carrier versus carrier battle, the battle of the Santa Cruz Islands in October 1942. Written in the heart-stopping style that Hammel's readers have come to expect, Carrier Strike offers the only up-to-date, up-close, in-depth look at the battle that cost Japan any hope of winning the war in the Pacific. less...
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AK47: The Story of a Gun by Michael Hodges
Amazon Says: In the sixty years since General Kalashnikov created the AK's distinctive silhouette, the gun has been at the centre of conflicts across the Middle East, Africa and Latin Amer more...
Amazon Says: In the sixty years since General Kalashnikov created the AK's distinctive silhouette, the gun has been at the centre of conflicts across the Middle East, Africa and Latin America. The weapon that made him a 'Hero of the Soviet Union' has also appeared on t-shirts and vodka bottles, featured in videos and song lyrics and been re-fashioned in crystal - a gift from Putin to George W. Bush. Power, politics and passion combine in the story of a weapon that has shaped the modern world. Using testimonies of people who have experienced the gun at first-hand - including a Sudanese child soldier, a Vietcong veteran, and Yorkshire student - Michael Hodges provides a compelling account of how the AK47 became an icon that ranks alongside Coca-Cola as one of the most recognizable brands in the world. less...
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Amazon Says: This moving, inspiring, and beautifully illustrated book tells the inside story of the building of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in our nation's capital. It also includes, in more...
Amazon Says: This moving, inspiring, and beautifully illustrated book tells the inside story of the building of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in our nation's capital. It also includes, in an appendix in the back, the names of the 58,000 Americans who lost their lives in Southeast Asia during the war - the names that are inscribed on the Memorial's granite walls. Jan C. Scruggs, who was wounded in Vietnam, conceived of the idea for the Memorial while doing graduate work in psychology and studying the war's impact on Vietnam veterans. Money for the project was raised entirely by subscription, and a design competition was won by a young Chinese-American student, Maya Ying Lin. Her stunningly simple concept, which one critic has already called the great American work of art for this century - two polished granite walls in the shape of a V, one pointing toward the Washington Monument and the other toward the Lincoln Memorial, inscribed with the names of the dead - now stands on Washington's Mall, where thousands of people visit it every week. Since the wall was completed and opened to the public in November 1982, a bronze flagpole and an eight-foot statue of three infantrymen, designed by sculptor Frederick Hart, have been added to the site. Some observers have said it seems as though the soldiers are searching for their own names on the Memorial. Both the Memorial itself and this story of how it came to be are remarkable testaments to the Americans who served and to those who died in the Vietnam War, and to the fact that in America one individual's dream, no matter how difficult, can still come true. less...
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Amazon Says: Generals South, Generals North highlights twenty-fourcommanders—twelve each from the Confederacy and the Union. Best-selling author and military historian Alan Axelrod prese more...
Amazon Says: Generals South, Generals North highlights twenty-fourcommanders—twelve each from the Confederacy and the Union. Best-selling author and military historian Alan Axelrod presents a biography of each, narrates the major engagements in which each fought (emphasizing tactical leadership and outcome produced), and explores each man’s ever-controversial reputation. His consequent rankings are based on both historical and modern-day sources. less...
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Amazon Says: Edwin Booth and his younger brother John Wilkes Booth were, in many ways, two of a kind. They were among America’s finest actors, having inherited their father’s commandin more...
Amazon Says: Edwin Booth and his younger brother John Wilkes Booth were, in many ways, two of a kind. They were among America’s finest actors, having inherited their father’s commanding stage presence along with his penchant for alcohol and impulsive behavior. In other respects, the two brothers were very different. Edwin was more introspective, while John was known for his passionate intensity. They stood at opposite poles politically, as well: Edwin voted for Abraham Lincoln; John was an ardent advocate of the Confederacy. Award-winning author James Cross Giblin draws on first-hand accounts of family members, friends, and colleagues to create vivid images of Edwin Booth and his brother John Wilkes, best known today as the man who shot Abraham Lincoln. He traces the events leading up to the assassination and describes the effects of John Wilkes’s infamous deed on himself, his family, and his country. Comprehensive and compelling, this dual portrait illuminates a dark and tragic moment in the nation’s history and explores the complex legacy of two leading men—one revered, the other abhorred. Notes, bibliography, index. less...
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Amazon Says: Published in honor of the centenary of Stevenson's death, a definitive portrait of the great Scottish author examines the cultures and influences that informed the writer's more...
Amazon Says: Published in honor of the centenary of Stevenson's death, a definitive portrait of the great Scottish author examines the cultures and influences that informed the writer's life and the literary works that made Stevenson's reputation. 12,500 first printing. less...
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