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Today in History with a Twist

America Under Attack!

     War came to America's shores today (1942) when a Japanese floatplane droped incendiary bombs on Oregon.  It was an attempt to start forest fires that could possibly hurt the American war effort.  It was also meant to demoralize the civilian population when they realized they could come under attack.  Thank God John Belushi was there to stop them!

     Maybe they could comfort themselves with their Teddy Bears.  Today is Teddy Bear Day.  It is the perfect opportunity to celebrate our most loyal childhood companions.  The teddy bear dates back to the early 1900s and its history is closely linked to an American president.  In November 1902, President Theodore (Teddy) Roosevelt attended a bear hunt in Mississippi.  The other members of the hunting party captured a young bear, tied it to a tree, and offered the shot to the president.  When news spread that Roosevelt refused to kill the bear, a political cartoonist named Clifford Berryman depicted the president with the bear in a cartoon titled, “Drawing the Line in Mississippi.”  In the first printing the cartoon bear was a full-grown animal, but it was later redrawn as a cuddly cub.  The story and cartoon became famous, toy makers were inspired to create “Teddy’s Bear,” and by 1906 the teddy bear craze was in full swing!  Today, teddy bears are a staple in any young child's life.  Celebrate this American icon and make sure the kids in your life have a huggable teddy bear today! (Punchbowl.com)

     There was a battle in Hawaii but it was not an invasion.  A Filipino sugar worker's strike against the Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association in Hanapepe, Kauai, Hawaii has ended in disaster (1924).  When striking workers took two strike breaking workers hostage police moved in to rescue them.  A fire fight ensued resulting in 16 striking workers being killed as were 4 policemen.  You can probably figure out why sugar prices are still relatively low.

      President Washington was honored today (1791) when the new capital was named after him - Washington, D.C.  Don't remember the D.C. in his name.

     We go underground for the next story (1972).   In Kentucky's Mammoth Cave National Park, a Cave Research Foundation exploration and mapping team has discovered a link between the Mammoth and Flint Ridge cave systems, making it the longest known cave passageway in the world.   This will give us an edge in the 'mine shaft gap'. 

     Disaster for Rome in Germania (9).  Former Roman protege' the German leader Arminius turned on his former allies uniting six Germanic tribes who ambushed and annihilated three Roman legions of Publius Quinctilius Varus in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest.  Roman Legions never lost an Eagle (standard) in combat before but lost three in this battle.  Rome is having second thoughts about expanding into Germania.  Can't trust those sneaky Germans.

     Croatian forces suffered a similar defeat at the hands of the Ottomans (1493) at the Battle of Krbava field.  Between 7 and 10 thousand Croats died in the battle including many Nobles.  Several thousand more were taken prisoner.  Only an alliance of Croats, Serbs and Bosnians will be able to stop the invasion by the Ottoman Empire.  Like that will ever happen.

Today we celebrate the birthdays of:

      1585 - Cardinal Richelieu - French clergyman and statesman (d. 1642) - He obviously didn't believe in separation of Church and State.

     1754 - William Bligh - English admiral and statesmen, 4th Governor of New South Wales (d. 1817) - Faired better than Mr Christian.

     1828 - Leo Tolstoy - Russian author (d. 1910) - Anybody out there finish 'War and Peace'?

 

To learn more aboyut the above topics check the following books from the Library's collection:


Amazon Says: The World War II home front revisited, with a skeptical appraisal of the Good War as a watershed in the nation's history. A superb account...a starting point for future work o more...
Amazon Says: The World War II home front revisited, with a skeptical appraisal of the Good War as a watershed in the nation's history. A superb account...a starting point for future work on the war. —Journal of American History. American Ways Series. less...
Amazon


Amazon Says: Brilliantly mixing geology, folklore, music, cultural commentary, and history, Gary Y. Okihiro overturns the customary narrative in which the United States acts upon and domin more...
Amazon Says: Brilliantly mixing geology, folklore, music, cultural commentary, and history, Gary Y. Okihiro overturns the customary narrative in which the United States acts upon and dominates Hawai'i. Instead, Island World depicts the islands' press against the continent, endowing America's story with fresh meaning. Okihiro's reconsidered history reveals Hawaiians fighting in the Civil War, sailing on nineteenth-century New England ships, and living in pre-gold rush California. He points to Hawai'i's lingering effect on twentieth-century American culture—from surfboards, hula, sports, and films, to art, imagination, and racial perspectives—even as the islands themselves succumb slowly to the continental United States. In placing Hawai'i at the center of the national story, Island World rejects the premise that continents comprise "natural" states while islands are "tiny spaces," without significance, to be acted upon by continents. An astonishingly compact tour de force, this book not only revises the way we think about islands, oceans, and continents, it also recasts the way we write about space and time. less...
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Amazon Says: If you toured Mammoth Cave in Kentucky around the year 1838, you would have been led by candlelight through miles of dark winding tunnels, to the edge of a terrifying botto more...
Amazon Says: If you toured Mammoth Cave in Kentucky around the year 1838, you would have been led by candlelight through miles of dark winding tunnels, to the edge of a terrifying bottomless pit, and curiously, a church built underground. Your tour guide would have been seventeen-year-old Stephen Bishop, an African American, and a slave. Bishop had a job he found truly thrilling--exploring and recording every inch of his exciting adventures at Mammoth Cave and escorting tourists to show them his discoveries. Luckily, by being so successful in this job, Bishop was able to avoid the grueling labor most slaves endured. Full of adventure and fascinating details about cave exploration Journey to the Bottomless Pit is the first book for young readers ever written about Stephen Bishop. Through Stephen Bishop's story, author Betsy Mitchell takes readers on a tour unlike anything they've experienced. less...
Amazon


Amazon Says: Over four days at the beginning of September AD 9, half of Rome's Western army was ambushed in a German forest and annihilated. Three legions, three cavalry units and six auxi more...
Amazon Says: Over four days at the beginning of September AD 9, half of Rome's Western army was ambushed in a German forest and annihilated. Three legions, three cavalry units and six auxiliary regiments - some 25,000 men - were wiped out. It dealt a body blow to the empire's imperial pretensions and was Rome's greatest defeat. No other battle stopped the Roman empire dead in its tracks. From the moment of the Teutoburg Forest disaster, the Rhine, rather than the Elbe as the Romans had hoped, became the limit of the civilized world. Rome's expansion in northern Europe was checked and Rome anxiously patrolled the Rhineland borders, awaiting further uprisings from Germania. Although one of the most significant and dramatic battles in European history, this is also one which has been largely overlooked. Drawing on primary sources and a vast wealth of new archaeological evidence, Adrian Murdoch brings to life the battle itself, the historical background and the effects of the Roman defeat as well as exploring the personalities of those who took part. less...
Amazon


Amazon Says: This volume presents 30 highly illustrated essays charting a cultural survey of Croatia from the 7th to the end of the 12th century. Richly illustrated with colour plates, map more...
Amazon Says: This volume presents 30 highly illustrated essays charting a cultural survey of Croatia from the 7th to the end of the 12th century. Richly illustrated with colour plates, maps, plans, and diagrams, it provides a major new resource for all those seeking to gain a broad understanding of the medieval world in central Europe and the Adriatic region before the Ottoman invasions. Since the mid-nineties, the republic of Croatia has taken its place among the independent nations of Europe, and its strong cultural identity is becoming better understood. As a result, the Croatian academy of Sciences and Arts, based in Zagreb, has embarked on an ambitious five-volume history of Croatian culture, commissioning essays on the arts and sciences from over 100 leading specialists in the field. Throughout the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, the relationship between Croatia and Western Europe was very close, with many important artists moving freely between them. Visitors to Zagreb and the Dalmatian Coast have long enjoyed the opportunity of sampling the enormous wealth and variety of Croatian art and architecture, and these volumes make the achievements of this ancient but inadequately understood area of Europe readily accessible for the first time. less...
Amazon


Amazon Says: In an extraordinary drama sweeping across seventeenth-century France, this probing biography of Cardinal Richelieu explores how a man of steely intelligence and ruthless ambit more...
Amazon Says: In an extraordinary drama sweeping across seventeenth-century France, this probing biography of Cardinal Richelieu explores how a man of steely intelligence and ruthless ambition not only fulfilled his dreams of social prestige, personal wealth, and political power but at the same time realized his vision of a France unified as much by its culture as by its king. less...
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Amazon Says: More than two centuries have passed since Master's Mate Fletcher Christian mutinied against Lieutenant Bligh on a small, armed transport vessel called Bounty. Why the details more...
Amazon Says: More than two centuries have passed since Master's Mate Fletcher Christian mutinied against Lieutenant Bligh on a small, armed transport vessel called Bounty. Why the details of this obscure adventure at the end of the world remain vivid and enthralling is as intriguing as the truth behind the legend. In giving the Bounty mutiny its historical due, Caroline Alexander has chosen to frame her narrative by focusing on the court-martial of the ten mutineers who were captured in Tahiti and brought to justice in England. This fresh perspective wonderfully revivifies the entire saga, and the salty, colorful language of the captured men themselves conjures the events of that April morning in 1789, when Christian's breakdown impelled every man on a fateful course: Bligh and his loyalists on the historic open boat voyage that revealed him to be one of history's great navigators; Christian on his restless exile; and the captured mutineers toward their day in court. As the book unfolds, each figure emerges as a full-blown character caught up in a drama that may well end on the gallows. And as Alexander shows, it was in a desperate fight to escape hanging that one of the accused defendants deliberately spun the mutiny into the myth we know today-of the tyrannical Lieutenant Bligh of the Bounty. Ultimately, Alexander concludes that the Bounty mutiny was sparked by that most unpredictable, combustible, and human of situations-the chemistry between strong personalities living in close quarters. Her account of the voyage, the trial, and the surprising fates of Bligh, Christian, and the mutineers is an epic of ambition, passion, pride, and duty at the dawn of the Romantic era. less...
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Amazon Says: 'Russia in the Age of Alexander II, Tolstoy and Dostoevsky' is both history and story, incorporating in its analysis of Alexander II's turbulent reign the lives and ideas of t more...
Amazon Says: 'Russia in the Age of Alexander II, Tolstoy and Dostoevsky' is both history and story, incorporating in its analysis of Alexander II's turbulent reign the lives and ideas of the period's great writers, thinkers and revolutionaries who made this the Golden Age of Russian literature and thought. In his combination of considerable biographical material with the presentation of the main ideas of the era's chief writers and thinkers, Walter G. Moss has written a history that is of interest not only to scholars and students of the period, but also to more general readers. less...
Amazon

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