Today in History with a Twist: November 22, 2013
President Kennedy Assassinated!
1963 - In Dallas, Texas, Lee Harvey Oswald, in his sniper's perch in the Texas Depository Building, fired on President John F. Kennedy's car as he paraded through Dallas. The president was killed and Texas Governor John Connally was seriously wounded. Oswald was later captured in a movie theater where he was trying to hide. Prior to his capture he had been approached by Dallas police officer J. D. Tippit who he then killed. Two days later Oswald was shot and killed by strip club owner Jack Ruby while in police custody. Almost immediately after the assassination conspiracy theories began to emerge. Most are based false testimony and twisted or misinterpreted facts. I recommend the book 'Case closed' which debunks many of these theories. Today there are still many people who believe a conspiracy does exist. We may never really know. - For those of us old enough I'm sure you remember where you were at when you first heard about the shooting. I was in the first grade and we were called into the school gymnasium where the principle made the announcement and then released us early for the day. Where were you?
On a totally different note today is National Cashew Day! Whether you like them plain, salted, roasted, or coated in sugar, cashews are a delicious treat! Although cashews are popular in Thai, Indian, and Chinese cuisines, they are actually native to Brazil. They have also been widely cultivated in India and Africa ever since the Portuguese exported them during the 16th century. Did you know that parts of the cashew tree can be used for medicinal and manufacturing purposes? Acid from the cashew nutshells is effective in healing tooth abscesses and the tree's seeds can be ground up into a powder and used as an antivenom for snake bites. The oil from the nutshells is used in brake linings as well as in rubber and plastic materials. (Punchbowl.com)
1307 - Under pressure from French King Philip IV Pope Clement V issues the papal bull Pastoralis Praeeminentiae which instructed all Christian monarchs in Europe to arrest all Templars and seize their assets. Philip was heavily into debt to the Templars and this was most likely the reason for wanting them eliminated. Most of the Templars would plead guilty to the charges against them, but only after they were the victims of torture. - Now where did they put that grail?
1718 - Off the coast of North Carolina, British pirate Edward Teach ("Blackbeard") is killed in battle with a boarding party led by Royal Navy Lieutenant Robert Maynard. There is much evidence that Blackbeard had more bark than bite in that he used his fearsome image to intimidate his victims but would treat them quite civilly after he captured them. - But people just don't like their money taken from them.
1864 - Confederate General John Bell Hood invades Tennessee in an unsuccessful attempt to draw Union General William T. Sherman's March to the Sea away from Georgia. - Hard to change Sherman's mind once he's made his choice.
1942 - German General Friedrich Paulus sends Adolf Hitler a telegram saying that the German 6th army in Stalingrad is surrounded. The battle for the city had been going on since late summer of 1942 and the Germans had taken almost 90% of the city. However the Russian counterattack, that had begun three days previously, trapped the German forces in the city. Hitler ordered Paulus to stand fast and not to try and attempt to break out. Goering promised Hitler he could keep the Army supplied by air and a relief attack, Operation Winter Storm, was planned. Goering would fail to live up to his promise and the Operation Winter Storm would fall short. The Axis would lose about 300,000 soldiers in the battle and the course of the war would now shift to the Russian's favor. - Never trust a fat man who paints his nails.
1988 - In Palmdale, California, the first prototype B-2 Spirit stealth bomber is revealed. - Bet that more than a few of the UFO sitings at Area 51 were now explained.
1987 - In Chicago two television stations are hijacked by an unknown pirate dressed as Max Headroom. For those of you too young to remember, Max Headroom was a character created in England where 'he' had a talk show and would later be the star of an American television show. The character was supposed to be a computer generated character that developed a real personality. - Modern day Pinocchio story?
1744 - Abigail Adams - Wife of John Adams, 2nd First Lady of the United States (d. 1818) - She is remembered for the many letters she wrote to her husband while he stayed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, during the Continental Congresses, he sought her advice on many matters, and their letters are filled with intellectual discussions on government and politics. - Her son, John jr, didn't do too bad either.
1940 - Terry Gilliam - American-English actor, director, and screenwriter - In case you haven't heard the remaining Pythons are reunited for a tour.
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