As children build and create with shapes, they develop a deeper understanding of the mathematical principals of geometry.
Children discover that shapes have lines and angels. They see how 2 dimensional objects have width and height, and 3 dimensional objects have width, height, and depth. Learning the mathematical terms and calculating numbers will come much later, but understanding how an object looks and feels will establish a mental picture. This mental picture will prove to be very important in the future as children are introduced to more abstract concepts because they have developed real-world connections.
In Tana Hoban’s wordless book Shapes, Shapes, Shapes, children observe shapes hidden in plain sight. This book is a perfect leap into how shapes exist in the world around us. Find shapes around your house or in your backyard and play a game of eye-spy, or take pictures to create your own shapes book. Talk about the difference between a 2D and 3D shape. How are they alike? How are they different?
SC Kindergarten Math Standard: Geometry
Your child can identify shapes from everyday life like triangles, circles, squares, rectangles, hexagons, spheres, cones, cubes, and cylinders
Your child can classify shapes as 2-dimensional (flat) or 3-dimensional (solid)
Your child can draw 2-dimensional shapes and make models of 3-dimensional shapes
Your child can analyze shapes of different sizes and positions. Compare the differences
Your child can describe simple repeating patterns like shapes, colors, and activities found in a shirt, drawing, or game
What does it mean when an object is 3-dimensional? How is it different from a 2-dimensional object? Learn how to identify 2D and 3D objects by learning about a square and a cube.
Find more educational videos from BrainPop Jr. to support to support this standard in the links below:
At this stage of development, emphasize hands-on learning. Build your own 3D shapes from marshmallows and pretzel sticks, or playdough and toothpicks. Find more creative hands-on activities in these math blogs:
The titles below will help you and your child discuss shapes and patterns . Want us to pull books for you? Contact us at 803-799-9084 and request to have books sent to your nearest Richland Library location.